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Treatment of data of GPM and GLDAS missions for hydrodynamic modeling of the Pantanal of Nhecolândia

Grant number: 17/27093-0
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): February 01, 2018
Effective date (End): January 31, 2019
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Geosciences
Principal Investigator:Célia Regina Montes
Grantee:Isa Marchini Rolisola
Home Institution: Centro de Energia Nuclear na Agricultura (CENA). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Piracicaba , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:16/14227-5 - Climatic changes and environmental impacts in wetlands of Pantanal region (Brazil): quantification, control factors and long term temporal modeling, AP.PFPMCG.TEM

Abstract

The humid inland regions of the planet play a significant role in the water cycle and harbor important biodiversity niches. These regions are responsible for the control of vital ecological functions, including: regulation of the hydrological cycle, seasonal flood control, improvement and maintenance of water quality, as well as seasonal regulation of regional GHG emissions. In previous studies, a clear correlation was observed between monthly emissions of methane (CH4), rainfall and soil moisture. However, the acquisition of rainfall data in the field or through telemetric stations does not allow a continuous study with adequate spatial and temporal resolutions. On the other hand, in the last 3 years two orbital missions have provided continuous data of precipitation and soil moisture comprising the GPM (Global Precipitation Mission) and GLDAS (Global Land Data Assimilation System) missions, respectively. Based on such data, it is possible to study the Pantanal hydrological cycle with spatial and temporal scales. (AU)