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Evaluation of the interrelation between disease and Facebook use among patients with inflammatory bowel disease

Grant number: 18/05705-6
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): August 01, 2018
Effective date (End): July 31, 2020
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Medicine - Medical Clinics
Principal Investigator:Ligia Yukie Sassaki
Grantee:Giovana Signorelli Astolfi Cury
Home Institution: Faculdade de Medicina (FMB). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Botucatu. Botucatu , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Background: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (IBD) are chronic conditions represented by Crohn's Disease (CD) and Ulcerative Colitis (UC). Symptoms can be disabling and can compromise the quality of life and the personal relationships of the patients. The use of social media is increasing among the population and Facebook is one of the main social networks accessed in Brazil. Objectives: a. To evaluate the social factors associated with Facebook use and to compare the use of Facebook by patients to the control group; B. Translation and cultural adaptation of the questionnaire "Psycho-Social Aspects of Facebook Use" (PSAFU). Methodology: A cross-sectional study will be carried out with the application of questionnaires to outpatients and to the control group, which will be composed of healthy people. CD will be classified according to the Montreal Classification and disease activity, through the Crohn's Disease Activity Index (CDAI). The UC will be classified according to the extent of the disease and the activity, according to the Mayo Score. Quality of life will be assessed through the Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire (IBDQ) and the SF-36 questionnaire. The presence of anxiety and depressive symptoms will be evaluated by the Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Body image will be assessed through the Body Image Scale and self-esteem using the Rosemberg Self-Esteem Scale. Analysis of the interrelated disease / use of Facebook will be evaluated through the questionnaire "Psycho-Social Aspects of Facebook Use (PSAFU). Before its use in the present work, the translation and cultural adaptation of the questionnaire will be carried out.