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The effects of oleic acid and cyanidin supplementation of macrophages on the modulation of inflammatory processes

Grant number: 18/23623-7
Support type:Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): April 15, 2019
Effective date (End): December 14, 2019
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Nutrition - Nutrition Biochemistry
Principal Investigator:Luciana Pellegrini Pisani
Grantee:Aline Boveto Santamarina
Supervisor abroad: Philip Charles Calder
Home Institution: Instituto de Saúde e Sociedade (ISS). Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP). Campus Baixada Santista. Santos , SP, Brazil
Local de pesquisa : University of Southampton, England  
Associated to the scholarship:15/13875-0 - Effect OF palm juçara fruit (Euterpe edulis Mart.) supplementation ón epigenetic modifications ánd inflammatory status ín monocytes OF obese adults, BP.DR

Abstract

Obesity involves chronic subclinical inflammation mainly caused by the recruitment of monocytes and activation of macrophages in adipose tissue. As part of the innate immune system, these cells are essential for homeostasis. A common inflammatory mechanism activated is the toll-like receptors 2 and 4 pathways. They usually react to bacterial lipids signaling through NF-kB and PPARs, producing pro-inflammatory cytokines. In this sense, the management of inflammation through food bioactive compounds has been suggested. Juçara fruit (Euterpe edulis Mart.) is a potential nutraceutical for obesity-related inflammation treatment because of its rich composition in oleic acid and cyanidins. Oleic acid seems to prevent inflammation, insulin resistance, and DNA damage. Also, anthocyanins are a potential nutritional immunomodulator, inhibiting oxidative stress, inflammation, and lipid accumulation in macrophages. Considering this, we aim to analyze the effects of oleic acid and cyanidin to identify the compound with major effects on the inflammatory process of macrophages. For this, THP-1 cells are going to be exposed to 3 different treatments: oleic acid supplementation; cyanidin 3-O-²-glucoside supplementation; or oleic acid and cyanidin 3-O-²-glucoside concomitant supplementation. In order to evaluate the inflammatory cell response, the protein concentrations of IL-1², TNF-±, IL-6, MCP-1, IL-1Ra, IL-10 in cell culture supernatants and of PPAR±, PPAR² and PPAR³ in the cells supernatants are going to be measured by ELISA and Western blotting respectively. Also, the expression of CD86; arginase; TLR4; TLR2; IL6R; IL10R; TNFR1; MCP-1; TNF-±; IL-6; IL-10; PPAR±; PPAR² and PPAR³ related cell differentiation and inflammatory pathways are going to be assessed by qRT- PCR. At the end of this experiments, we expect that macrophages treated with oleic fatty acids and cyanidin will probably have different anti-inflammatory responses with a more pronounced effect associated with treatment with the combined compounds, demonstrating that the synergy of nutrients has greater effectiveness preventing inflammation related to non-communicable chronic diseases such as obesity.

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
SANTAMARINA, ALINE BOVETO; JAMAR, GIOVANA; MENNITTI, LAIS VALES; RIBEIRO, DANIEL ARAKI; CARDOSO, CAROLINE MARGONATO; DE ROSSO, VERIDIANA VERA; OYAMA, LILA MISSAE; PISANI, LUCIANA PELLEGRINI. Polyphenols-Rich Fruit (Euterpe edulis Mart.) Prevents Peripheral Inflammatory Pathway Activation by the Short-Term High-Fat Diet. Molecules, v. 24, n. 9 MAY 1 2019. Web of Science Citations: 0.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.