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Software Defined Networking routing with machine learning

Grant number: 19/03268-0
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): July 01, 2019
Effective date (End): February 29, 2020
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Computer Science - Computer Systems
Principal Investigator:Nelson Luis Saldanha da Fonseca
Grantee:Daniela Maria Casas Velasco
Home Institution: Instituto de Computação (IC). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:15/24494-8 - Communications and processing of big data in cloud and fog computing, AP.TEM

Abstract

In the networking area, efficient traffic control such as routing appears as a critical challenge. Such challenge remains present since the conventional routing protocols (e.g., OSPF and RIP) currently present limitations. For instance, such protocols cannot adapt their decisions after degradation scenarios such as congestion, they are not intelligent. In this sense, protocols repeatedly continue to make the same routing decisions for similar congestion scenarios. Therefore, an intelligent network traffic control method is essential to meet this challenge. SDN decouples network control from packet forwarding, which significantly simplifies the switches operation. The good programmability of SDN also improves network feasibility and allows providing intelligence within the networks, making it easier to apply ML techniques. However, although some ML methods have been widely applied to network problems, such as traffic classification and traffic forecasting, ML remains presenting limitations. For instance, one of these limitations lies in defining which data can be collected and which control actions can be performed on network devices. Therefore, the ability to program the network using SDN and the advantages of ML that allow improving the understanding and performance of a system, alleviate these limitations and can be used to assist in the automation of network tasks such as routing. This work intends to take advantage of ML techniques and SDN to overcome the limitations of traditional routing protocols in networking. Thus, this proposal aims at developing an intelligent routing mechanism that can learn from previous experiences and adapt itself to the changes in SDN.