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Indigenous emergences and territorial autonomies in Pan-Amazon: an ethno-territorial approach

Grant number: 18/22226-4
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): August 01, 2019
Effective date (End): August 31, 2022
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Geography - Human Geography
Principal researcher:Larissa Mies Bombardi
Grantee:Fábio Márcio Alkmin
Home Institution: Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas (FFLCH). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Since the end of the 1970's it is possible to observe an ethnic emergence in a great part of Latin-American countries. Such cultural, economic and - above all - political phenomena has favoured the rebirth of several indigenous identities that until then were subjugated under the hegemony of the national identity forged by national States during the 20th century. If in previous decades indigenous people would place their political demands under the logics of state indigenism, nowadays their claim questions representativity and disputes spaces on the most various fields of power. Their demands are organized around terms such as self-determination, juridical pluralism, self-management of the territory and tend to converge into territorial autonomy as a political strategy for territorialization. In this sense, it is possible to identify that the autonomist debate is expanding itself among Latin-American indigenous movements not only in the theoretical field, but also as a concrete form of social organization of the territory. In face of the continuous moves and major projects towards indigenous lands, as well as the failure of the state indigenist approach in the neoliberal context, Pan-Amazon indigenous organizations have also started to adopt the idea of autonomy as a political strategy for the defense of their territory and identities. This research aims at understanding this extremely contemporaneous phenomenon under the optics of Geography, contributing to the theoretical effort of other fields dedicated to this important issue, such as Anthropology, History and Political Science. (AU)