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Study of processability and post-processing of AISI H13 tool steel by powder bed fusion: micro/nanostructural and mechanical characterization

Grant number: 19/06276-4
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): September 01, 2019
Effective date (End): January 31, 2023
Field of knowledge:Engineering - Mechanical Engineering - Manufacturing Processes
Principal Investigator:Éder Sócrates Najar Lopes
Grantee:Eduardo Bertoni da Fonseca
Host Institution: Faculdade de Engenharia Mecânica (FEM). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil


Additive manufacturing processes have gained prominence in recent years as they allow the fabrication of parts of complex geometries while reducing the number of operations required. Therefore, several applications have already been envisioned, among which we can mention the manufacture of molds and dies. Typically, hot working steels are used for these applications, such as the AISI H13 tool steel, which will be the subject of this study. Initially, a processing window will be determined from the variation of the most influential parameters: laser power and scanning speed. The densification, microstructure and properties of the deposited material will be evaluated, which will be related to the thermal history. Then, three routes of post-processing heat treatments will be evaluated: (i) direct tempering; (ii) quenching and tempering; and (iii) stress relief, quenching and tempering. The evaluation of these thermal treatments will be done by high-temperature in-situ x-ray diffraction tests, microstructural analysis and mechanical properties (tensile/compression tests, fracture toughness and wear). Thus, it will be possible to correlate the obtained microstructures with the phase transformations and the mechanical performance of the parts, besides optimizing the treatments as a function of the transformation kinetics. In the development of this project, advanced materials characterization techniques will be used, such as transmission electron microscopy and three-dimensional atom probe tomography to study the phenomena of destabilization of retained austenite, martensite tempering and precipitation of carbides. Thus, the data collected in this project will be of fundamental importance for the implementation of the additive manufacturing on an industrial scale, with information on the processing and post-processing conditions, as well as presenting a significant increase in the metallurgy of tool steels. In the future, the information gathered by this study may also be used in the development of specific commercial alloys for additive manufacturing, from an understanding of the microstructural phenomena that lead to an increase in the mechanical properties of these materials. (AU)

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
FONSECA, EDUARDO B.; GABRIEL, ANDRE H. G.; ARAUJO, LUANA C.; SANTOS, PEDRO L. L.; CAMPO, KAIO N.; LOPES, EDER S. N.. Assessment of laser power and scan speed influence on microstructural features and consolidation of AISI H13 tool steel processed by additive manufacturing. ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING, v. 34, . (19/06276-4)
FONSECA, EDUARDO B.; ESCOBAR, JULIAN D.; GABRIEL, ANDRE H. G.; RIBAMAR, GIOVANI G.; BOLL, TORBEN; LOPES, EDER S. N.. Tempering of an additively manufactured microsegregated hot-work tool steel: A high-temperature synchrotron X-ray diffraction study. ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING, v. 55, p. 13-pg., . (19/06276-4, 18/21251-5)
CHELONI, JOAO P. M.; FONSECA, EDUARDO B.; GABRIEL, ANDRE H. G.; LOPES, EDER S. N.. The transient temperature field and microstructural evolution of additively manufactured AISI H13 steel supported by finite element analysis. JOURNAL OF MATERIALS RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY-JMR&T, v. 19, p. 15-pg., . (19/06276-4)
Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
FONSECA, Eduardo Bertoni da. Estudo de processamento e pós-processamento do aço ferramenta AISI H13 por fusão em leito de pó. 2023. Doctoral Thesis - Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Faculdade de Engenharia Mecânica Campinas, SP.

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