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Analysis and development of finite volume methods for the new generation of cubed sphere dynamical cores for the atmosphere

Grant number: 20/10280-4
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): December 01, 2020
Effective date (End): March 31, 2024
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Mathematics - Applied Mathematics
Principal researcher:Pedro da Silva Peixoto
Grantee:Luan da Fonseca Santos
Home Institution: Instituto de Matemática e Estatística (IME). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:16/18445-7 - Numerical methods for the next generation weather and climate models, AP.JP

Abstract

The global atmospheric model FV3 from GFDL-NOAA-USA, which was originally designed for latitude-longitude grids, was adapted to the cubed sphere aiming to improve its scalability in massively parallel supercomputers. However, in this kind of grid, we are more likely to have grid imprinting problems. Besides that, the FV3 model lacks some highly desirable mimetic properties. This work aims to analyze the properties of the finite volume discretizations employed in the global atmospheric model FV3 on the cubed-sphere. We will investigate how the properties of the cells may impact on the accuracy of the numerical schemes. This study will firstly implement a cubed-sphere grid generator and the FV3 discrete operators on this grid. Then, we will and analyze how the cubed-sphere grid properties influence in the numerical schemes by assessing it using the classical shallow-water model and a convective shallow water model. We will study the numerical dispersion and conservations properties of the scheme aiming to propose modifications in the numerical schemes to develop a mimetic finite volume version of the model. Then, we shall develop a local refinement on the cubed-sphere and investigate how it impacts the numerical solution. As a final stage of the 3D development, we will analyze and include the Lagrangian vertical discretization of the FV3 model and investigate how the horizontal discretization aspects can impact on the full three-dimensional model. (AU)

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