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Chironomidae (Diptera, Insecta) of the Atlantic Forest: integrating taxonomic and ecological knowledge of the species

Grant number: 20/01762-5
Support type:Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Post-doctor
Effective date (Start): September 29, 2021
Effective date (End): September 28, 2022
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Zoology
Principal researcher:Carlos José Einicker Lamas
Grantee:Erika Mayumi Shimabukuro
Supervisor abroad: Andres Baselga
Home Institution: Museu de Zoologia (MZ). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Research place: Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Santiago (USC), Spain  
Associated to the scholarship:18/11068-9 - Biodiversity in neotropical mountains: macroecological patterns of madicolous insects' community and taxonomy of Chironomidae (Diptera, Insecta), BP.PD

Abstract

Chironomidae is one of the most speciose and widespread families of Diptera (Insecta). Immature individuals are common inhabitants of several types of water bodies, where they play an important role in the ecosystems dynamics. Historically, most of the ecological information on Chironomidae regards the immature forms, while aerial adults have been the focus of taxonomic studies only. The chironomids from the Atlantic Forest were thoroughly studied in the last decades, and although we know there are dozens of species living there, taxonomic and ecological knowledge are still fragmented. The geographical characteristics of the Atlantic Forest lead to high environmental heterogeneity, which allows the existence of a remarkable biodiversity. However, ecological patterns derived from environmental (local scale) and geographical gradients (large spatial scale) have never been verified for huge data sets of Chironomidae species in the Atlantic Forest. We propose the creation of a complete database, integrating taxonomic, biological and ecological information of Atlantic Chironomidae, by assembling about 70 attributes of the species, regarding localization, sampling, ecological requirements, known stages and sexes, abundance, among others. The compilation will result in a data paper. Moreover, we aim to raise new ecological evidences by 1. Determining which ecological filters (environmental, historical, geographical) mostly influence Chironomidae diversity (considering immature and adult requirements) in Atlantic Forest; 2. Evidencing large spatial scale patterns (latitudinal, longitudinal and altitudinal) of Chironomidae diversity in the Atlantic Forest.

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