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The antivacinist speech and the Revolt of the Vaccine: the positivist rhetoric and the opposition in carioca newspapers

Grant number: 22/02704-4
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): June 01, 2022
Effective date (End): December 31, 2023
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Political Science - Political Theory
Principal Investigator:Bernardo Ricupero
Grantee:João Pedro Gomes Balanco
Host Institution: Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas (FFLCH). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil


The objective of the research is to reconstruct the development of the anti-vaccine discourse focusing on the productions of the Positivist Church and Apostolate of Brazil (IPB), from 1901 until the outbreak of the Vaccine Revolt in 1904. In order to do so, it is intended to rescue the linguistic context of the anti-vaccination discourse, locate the current vocabulary of political actors and trace convergences and distances. In this manner, it is incorporated the periodical Correio da Manhã in the inquiry, as constitutes as an important contrary agency to the Rodrigues Alves government and of critical to the obligatory vaccination that had the participation of diverse lesser writers. The hypothesis that guides the investigation is that the term "hygiene", used and institutionalized by the government, undergoes a conceptual rhetorical change: its meaning is altered when appropriated by the opposition, becoming critical to sanitary measures. Therefore, to reach the objectives and to verify the hypothesis, the documentary analysis of the brochures of the IPB will be carried through, as well as its article publications in the Jornal do Commercio. The debate in the Correio da Manhã newspaper will also be investigated. Finally, the periodical Commercio do Brazil is incorporated the documentary corpus, for the understanding of the not unaffiliated positivist section to the IPB.(AU)

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