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Between Local Idioms of Distress and standardized psychiatric instruments: The mental suffering of people residing on the outskirts of Sapopemba, east zone of São Paulo.

Grant number: 22/16423-7
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): June 01, 2023
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Psychology - Social Psychology
Principal Investigator:Silvio Yasui
Grantee:Daniela Ravelli Cabrini
Host Institution: Faculdade de Ciências e Letras (FCL-ASSIS). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Assis. Assis , SP, Brazil


This research aims to investigate how people living in the favelas of Sapopemba (SP) experience, communicate and conceptualize serious mental health problems in their territory. Based on the ethnographic conceptual model: Local Languages of Distress, we will identify locally shaped expressions of mental distress referring to the standardized psychiatric terminologies of the psychopathological assessment interview CIDI 5.0-BR. To this end, we will invite residents of the slums of Sapopemba and regulars of the Joílson de Jesus Community Center (CCJJ) to participate in a focus group with an estimated five weekly meetings to reflect on ten items of the CIDI 5.0-BR psychopathological assessment interview. Two types of field recording will be used: i. Recording of meetings with focus group participants. ii. Field Diary to record the moments when the researcher is in the community of Sapopemba (SP). The material obtained will be exported to the N-vivo software and will be transcribed, coded and analyzed with guidance from Reflective Thematic Analysis (ATR). The following survey will form part of phase II of the Pre-Test and Arbitration of the Translation and Cultural Adaptation into Portuguese (BR) of the standardized psychiatric instrument Composite International Diagnostic Interview 5.0 (CIDI 5.0), which will be carried out by the Nucleus of Psychiatric Epidemiology (IPq- HCFMUSP). With this empirical work, it is hoped to rethink the contemporary ways of diagnosing, shifting from a binomial sign/symptom model to a semantic plurality about mental suffering. It is intended to foster new analytical approaches for critical interdisciplinary thinking in human sciences and psychiatric epidemiology.

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