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Natural order in Kant's only possible argument and appendix to the transcendental dialectic

Grant number: 23/05016-4
Support Opportunities:Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Master's degree
Effective date (Start): September 01, 2023
Effective date (End): November 30, 2023
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Philosophy - History of Philosophy
Principal Investigator:Pedro Paulo Garrido Pimenta
Grantee:Giovanni Sarto
Supervisor: Konstantin Pollok
Host Institution: Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas (FFLCH). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Research place: Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), Germany  
Associated to the scholarship:21/12675-9 - Order and Contingency in Kant: from the cosmology to the men as supreme end, BP.MS

Abstract

The present project aims to trace the relations between order and contingency amidst the Only Possible Argument (1763) and the Critique of Pure Reason (1781). It starts with an attempt to answer the following question: how Kant justifies the natural order in a world that he understands as contingent? At first sight, in the 1763's text, the recourse to divine will seems to be fundamental to deal with this question. I want to understand how Kant's answer to that problem will gradually shift in his own philosophical development and especially when we compare his elaborations to the thoughts of dogmatic philosophers, Leibniz in particular. Observing the gradual disappearance of the divine will subterfuge, I ask the first critique if its goal is simply to substitute divine influence by human's reason. My initial hypothesis is that, even though that is in somehow the case, the correct comprehension claims for further investigation of what is contained in the Appendix to the Transcendental Dialectic. (AU)

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