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The perception of the craft fishermen as for the impact of the climatic change on the marine environment of Itanhaém - SP

Grant number: 09/05798-5
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): September 01, 2010
Effective date (End): August 31, 2011
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Geography - Human Geography
Principal Investigator:Mirian Claudia Lourencao Simonetti
Grantee:Vladimir Bertapeli
Home Institution: Faculdade de Filosofia e Ciências (FFC). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Marília. Marília , SP, Brazil

Abstract

This project aims at understanding the perception of fishermen from Fisherman's Beach, located in the municipality of Itanhaém, São Paulo, have about the impacts on their environment due to changes in the Earth's climate. These climate changes have caused concern among governments, scientists and, above all, the traditional coastal populations. The IPCC (2007) warns that this phenomenon has caused the warming of ocean waters, changes in the cycle of rainfall, changes in ocean currents and rising sea level. Traditional coastal people, in turn, have long noticed these changes. The inhabitants of Baker Lake, Canada, reported that there was a decline in the quality of trout and ensure that this species has less fat, has a different smell and your flesh is sticky (WWF, 2005). According to Nuttall (2008), the Inuit have long observed the effects caused by climatic changes in the region of Arctic. But many researchers say that no one can feel the global warming and who determines the extent, scope and its effects are scientists (FOLADORI & TAKS, 2004). Thus, scientists who adopt this latter perspective, do not take into account the knowledge acquired by coastal indigenous peoples because they do that they have intense contact with the sea and have a rich and complex understanding of the marine environment and its natural phenomena. We believe that the knowledge people have about traditional coastal your space is a rich source of information on global warming and climate change. (AU)