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Evaluation of production of pinhão manso seedlings aimingthe production of biodiesel

Grant number: 08/08086-3
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): October 01, 2008
Effective date (End): September 30, 2009
Field of knowledge:Agronomical Sciences - Forestry Resources and Forestry Engineering - Forest Biomass Energy
Principal researcher:Alcides Lopes Leao
Grantee:Luiz Fellipe Lima de Arcalá
Home Institution: Faculdade de Ciências Agronômicas (FCA). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Botucatu. Botucatu , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Pinhão manso (Jotropha curcas Linn.) ia a native plant from South America, probably from Brazil, of great economical potential, since its seeds contain 40-50% of oil rich in saturated reduced hydrocarbon, that can be extracted and converted in compounds similar to those produced from petroleum; and show interesting properties for the ndustry of pharmacy and paint. Contributes for the environmental conservancy, since is a renewable biomass, sequestering CO2 from atmosphere, producing fuel oil, replacing mineral diesel, all of this linked to the capacity of protect the soil against erosion and leaching of nutrients. The scientific literature is rare about the economical viability of extraction and utilization of oil, as well as originated from in vitro cultivation. The aim is to compare the conditions of greenhouse and laboratory related to time (conventional production system), versus the effect of hormones AIB and ANA, and seed depth. The multiplication in vi vitro. This research can result in the optimization of the multiplication system in large scale and faster. And if the in vitro cultivation results in the best option, the seedlings will have other benefits such as cleaning endo phytopatogens and uniformity unde the genetical point of view.

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