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Bose-Einstein condensate dynamics with solitons

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André de Freitas Smaira
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: São Carlos.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Instituto de Física de São Carlos
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Vanderlei Salvador Bagnato; Arnaldo Gammal; Marcos Cesar de Oliveira
Advisor: Vanderlei Salvador Bagnato

Bose-Einstein Condensates (BEC) are excellent macroscopic systems to observe the quantum behavior of matter. Since it experimental production in dilute atomic alkali gases trapped by magnetic fields, there are important aspects related to this system that have been intensely explored, like the collective modes of the harmonically trapped BEC, its tunneling through a potential barrier and the excited states of this system, that include the vortex and soliton. The latter consist of localized disturbances, which propagate without change of form. In this work, we investigate the singular aspects that coming from the dynamics of a composite system (trapped BEC containing a soliton). There are many studies that treat each part separately, that include a fundamental state BEC or a soliton inside a uniform infinite extent stationary BEC. We are basing on these previous analyses, besides mean-field numeric simulating our particular system submitted to diferent initial conditions (minimum harmonic potential trapped BEC or dislocated trapped BEC plus a soliton, in addition to a deformation in the potential) to characterize the tunneling dynamics. Some of our results could be explained using analytical predictions of the so called Thomas-Fermi approximation. At the end, we compar the meanfield simulations (Gross-Pitavskii equation) with the simulations from the multiple orbitals theory to justify the validity regime of our theory. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/23758-3 - Bose-Einstein Condensate dynamics with solitons
Grantee:André de Freitas Smaira
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master