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Different degradations models to evaluate bond strength in sound and caries primary dentin

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Author(s):
Ana Flávia Bissoto Calvo
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Odontologia
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Daniela Prócida Raggio; Jose Carlos Pettorossi Imparato; André Figueiredo Reis; Mariane Emi Sanabe; Cinthia Pereira Machado Tabchoury
Advisor: Daniela Prócida Raggio
Abstract

Materials bond strength (BS) should be evaluated after degradation of the adhesive interface, simulating the intra-oral enviroment. This study assessed the degradation of the bonding interface of differents materials using in vitro and in situ models of aging in sound and caries - affected primary dentin. Ninety sound second primary molars without enamel defects were randomly assigned into two groups (sound and induced carious) according to the substrate to be tested. Then each group was subdivided according to the restorative material (n=15): composite resin associated with the adhesive system - CR, resin-modified glass ionomer cement - RMGIC or high-viscous glass ionomer cement- HVGIC. Dentin surface was prepared and with the aid of polyethylene tubes specimens of each restorative materials were prepared. Parts of a same tooth were subjected to in vitro and in situ models of aging. For in vitro model, the specimens were stored in distilled water at 37°C during 24 hours per 6 months; and for in situ model an intraoral palatal device was confectioned and used by volunteers in an experimental phase for 7 days. Specimens were submitted to microshear test (MPa) for BS evaluation and then stereomicroscopy (400X) analys of failure mode. Data were analyzed by repeated measures ANOVA for followed by Bonferroni test (? = 5%). In general, the storage for six months in distilled water degraded the RMGIC group in sound dentin (<0.001) and RC group in caries-affect dentin substrate (p = 0.007), for the others materials there was no statistical difference (p = 1.00). The in situ model, adversely, influenced the BS in RC and RMGIC groups (p <0.001) in sound substrate, and in RC (p <0.001), RMGIC (p = 0.001) and HVGIC (p = 0.020) in caries-affected dentin. We can concluded that in in vitro model, using six months distilled water, was not sufficient to degrade the bonded interface of the evaluated materials and in situ model is a faster method to evaluate degradation of the adhesion interface of restorative materials in cariesaffected dentin. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/11846-5 - Effect of different aging models on bond strength in sound and carious primary dentin
Grantee:Ana Flávia Bissoto Calvo
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate