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Impact of nutritional strategies on cost management of pig manure

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Author(s):
Esther Ramalho Afonso
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: Pirassununga.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia (FMVZ/SBD)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Augusto Hauber Gameiro; André Furugen Cesar de Andrade; Dirlei Antonio Berto; Rubens Nunes; Julio Cesar Pascale Palhares
Advisor: Augusto Hauber Gameiro
Abstract

The study aims to propose economic effect evaluation method of manure management with the use of different nutritional strategies of growing and finishing pigs. Specifically, the objectives were: i) To calculate marketing margins for the different nutritional strategies; ii) To evaluate the economic effect of different nutritional strategies on excretion and utilization of nutrients by the animals; iii) Valuing water consumption of animals; iv) Valuing the waste generated by the pigs in relation to its potential use as organic fertilizer; v) Valuing the impact of each nutritional strategy on storage cost (composting) and use of waste products, and about their treatment by bio-digester and later use; and vi) Valuing the economic viability of the different nutritional systems and subsequent use of manure as organic fertilizer after treatment by bio-digester and composting. The treatments from which data were collected were: T1: diet with high level of crude protein and minimum supplementation of amino acids (Control Diet); T2: Diet T1 with a reduction in the level of crude protein by supplementation of lysine, methionine, threonine and tryptophan, assuring the industrial ideal protein of all essential amino acids; T3: T1 with the inclusion of 0.010 phytase (%/kg diet) and reduction of the levels of calcium and phosphorus in the diet; T4: T1 with 40% supplementation of organic minerals (Cu, Zn and Mn) and 50% of inorganic minerals; T5: T1 combining the treatments described previously. Statistical analyses were performed using SAS computing package, with a significance level of 5%. The performance characteristics, average weight, average consumption of rations, average gain of weight and feed conversion and marketing margins showed no significant differences in the treatments and periods. The treatments T4 and T5 showed better efficiency in nutrient utilization and lower nutrient excretion. The T5 and T4 treatments showed lower consumption and lower cost at valuation of water. The valuation of the manure was favorable to T1 with largest amount of NPK. Environmentally efficient treatments showed lower costs in building the composting and biodigester in both materials, PVC and PEAD; the same treatments showed lower potential fertilizer; the tank truck 15 m3 presented lower costs in transportation and distribution of manure. In all scenarios evaluated the different nutritional systems and subsequent use of manure as organic fertilizer after treatment by bio-digester and composting were economically viable with payback of one year. Environmental methods proposed were valid, because they were able to identify that diets with higher technological contribution presented advantages the control diet, however economically the T1 was more quantity in production and consequent valuation of NPK. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/14237-2 - Impact of nutritional strategies in management cost of pig manure
Grantee:Esther Ramalho Afonso
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate