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PCN immunomodulation: mechanisms of protection conferred against experimental paracoccidioidomycosis.

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Mateus Silveira Freitas
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: Ribeirão Preto.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto (PCARP/BC)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Maria Cristina Roque Antunes Barreira; Daniela Carlos Sartori; Angela Maria Victoriano de Campos Soares
Advisor: Maria Cristina Roque Antunes Barreira

The dimorphic fungus Paracoccidioiddes brasiliensis (P. brasiliensis) is the causative agent of paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM), an endemic disease in Latin America. From the recognition of fungal components, macrophages are activated and acquire properties that favor the elimination of the pathogen. These cells produce cytokines that are responsible for directing the adaptive response, wherein Th1 immunity is protective. Lectins are proteins that bind selectively and reversibly to sugars. Their interaction with glycans in the surface of immune cell can result in activation and cytokine production, which may result in immunomodulatory anti-infective effect. Our group has been working with a lectin from P. brasiliensis called paracoccin (PCN) which binds to N-acetylglucosamine. In the present work we aimed to produce recombinant paracoccin (rPCN) expressed in Pichia pastoris and analysis of the role of rPCN in macrophages activation. We have demonstrated that this transformed organism secret rPCN to the culture medium and presents low contamination with endogenous proteins, which allows the isolation of recombinant protein by a single chromatography step. We found that the obtained preparation reproduces characteristics of the native protein from P. brasiliensis yeast and has apparent molecular mass of 27 kDa. We demonstrated that rPCN stimulates murine macrophages to produce pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-6, IL-12 p40, and TNF-) and nitric oxide (NO). Macrophages stimulated with rPCN polarize toward the M1 profile, as indicated by increased relative expression of iNOS2, SOCS3, and STAT1. We found that TLR2 and TLR4 mediate macrophage activation by rPCN, since the absence of each of these receptors, especially TLR4, affects the production of inflammatory mediators stimulated by the fungal component. TLR4 is also responsible for macrophage polarization toward the M1 profile, because in the absence of this receptor, the message to iNOS2 is not detected. We conclude that the method used to rPCN production, by P. pastoris, is efficient and that the obtained preparation is able to active macrophage, inducing them to produce pro-inflammatory mediators and polarize into the M1 profile. These processes are primarily mediated by TLR4. It is postulated that Paracoccin corresponds to a TLR4 agonist, able to trigger responses that are known to provide protection against infection with P. brasiliensis. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/14161-6 - Immunomodulation by Paracoccin: mechanisms of protection conferred against experimental paracoccidioidomycosis
Grantee:Mateus Silveira Freitas
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master