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Metodologia para a estimativa da chance de sucesso de um projeto de sísmica 4D do ponto de vista da engenharia de reservatórios

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Author(s):
Carla Janaina Ferreira
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: Campinas, SP.
Institution: Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Faculdade de Engenharia Mecânica
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Denis José Schiozer; Osvair Vidal Trevisan; Emilson Pereira Leite; Ana Paula de Araujo Costa; Regis Kruel Romeu
Advisor: Denis José Schiozer
Abstract

Production of hydrocarbons is a high-risk business. The uncertainties inherent to production are related to the uncertainties in the physical state of the reservoir and external variables. Reservoir uncertainty can be reduced as new production and dynamic data become available. 4D seismic technology has been used in the petroleum industry because the integration of geophysics and engineering information increases the predictive capability of reservoir simulations. However, there are technical issues to be addressed before starting a 4D seismic project. Several geophysical studies use the chance of success concept to identify the favorable cases; evaluating the seismic survey and the magnitude of seismic changes. From the engineering point of view, it is important to evaluate the impact of new information on field operations and the consequent monetary benefit. The estimation of 4D seismic data chance of success before its acquisition is a challenge. Therefore, the thesis presents a methodology to estimate the chance of success of a 4D seismic project from the reservoir engineering perspective. The methodology was developed in three phases. The first phase shows that water saturation error can measure the improvement on the fluid behavior understanding due to 4D seismic data. Moreover, it shows that the time for 4D seismic data acquisition affects its value. The second phase presents the methodology to estimate the best time to acquire 4D seismic data. The best time estimation is determined by evaluating time for water breakthrough and the water saturation error curves. Finally, the chance of success methodology is presented. The methodology is simple and an iterative process. It is divided in six steps, in which some of them are well established in the literature. The thesis incorporates the date of 4D seismic data acquisition in the process and assesses the chance of success through the variation in the economic benefit caused by the reservoir uncertainties. The methodology was applied to a synthetic reservoir model, showing a procedure to estimate the expected value of information and the probability of success (AU)

FAPESP's process: 10/12162-7 - Methodology to Estimate the Chance of Success of a 4D Seismic Project from the Reservoir Engineering Perspective
Grantee:Carla Janaina Ferreira
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate