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Analysis of the pro-inflammatory response of macrophage grown in substrate containing carbon nanotubes multi-wall (MWCNTs)

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Mirian Michelle Machado de Paula
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: Campinas, SP.
Institution: Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Faculdade de Ciências Médicas
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Marcus Alexandre Finzi Corat; Lucas Martins Chaible; Carla Fernanda Franco Penteado
Advisor: Anderson de Oliveira Lobo; Marcus Alexandre Finzi Corat

The promise of the use of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) for biomedical purposes faces some difficulties. Many studies of nanotechnology has been realized by analyzing the properties of these materials causing tissue injury in vivo. Despite evidence of cytotoxicity of CNTs, there are also a large number of published studies of biomaterials based on CNTs that support the idea of their biocompatibility. According to Lobo et al, 2009 (1), carbon nanotube multi-wall (MWCNT) showed biocompatibility. Vertically aligned VAMWCNT revealed that the contact between the structures of the cells and nanotopography is crucial to ensure bioactivity, cell growing and cell spreading, avoiding cytotoxic effects. Results from our group have showed cell adhesion on substrate containing VAMWCNT, as well as, variability of cell adhesion and spreading according to wet-ability features after oxygen plasma treatment (VAMWCNT-O) and density of the VAMWCNT substrate. However, VAMWCNT-O substrates, although nontoxic, seem to cause changes in cell behavior in the first contact and during the process of cell adhesion to the substrate. To better understand the behavior of cells on the substrates of VAMWCNT-O, in the present study, we analyzed the properties of macrophages to trigger inflammatory response in contact with substrates containing CNTs correlating it with mononuclear bone marrow cells migration. It was found that substrates with carbon nanotubes promoted pro-inflammatory responses compared to the control. The substrates after oxygen plasma treatment showed higher stimulation of macrophages as expression of interleukin 6 and SDF-1. They showed direct correlation with increasing bone marrow cell migration in vitro and in vivo. These substrates leaded to an improvement to cell recruitment and stimulation, which might support the process of regenerating an injured tissue by using them in regenerative medicine (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/16775-6 - Analysis of the pro-inflammatory reply of macrophages cultivated in substratum of multiple wall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs).
Grantee:Mirian Michelle Machado de Paula
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master