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Role of the lateral hypothalamus and anterior thalamus in memory in social defeat.

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Miguel José Rangel Júnior
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas (ICB/SDI)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Newton Sabino Canteras; Marucia Chacur; Camila Squarzoni Dale; Isabel Marian Hartmann de Quadros; Roelf Justino Cruz Rizzolo
Advisor: Newton Sabino Canteras

Male rodents may interact aggressively, and from the agonistic encounter, it results a winner and a defeated animal. Accordingingly, the defeated male shows defensive behaviors (risk assessment) to the social defeat-related context. Contextual responses are known to rely on hippocampal processing, and one of the main targets of the hippocampal system is the justodorsomedial part of lateral hypothalamus (LHAjd), which projects to dorsal premamillary nucleus (PMD), known to be involved in the expression of social defensive behaviors. Notably, PMD, a hypothalamic site highly responsive to the social defeat, in turn, projects to the ventral part of thalamic anteromedial nucleus (AMv), previously shown to be involved in the acquistion of spatial and contextual memory to predatory threats. Thus, in present study, we investigated the role of LHAjd in expression and of AMv in acquisition of social defeat conditioned defensive behaviors. In LHAjd lesioned animals, we observed a decrease in risk assessment behaviors during exposute to the social defeat associated context , but not during the social defeat itself, suggesting a role in the expression of contextual but not in the innate social defeat. In AMv lesioned animals, we observed that the animals lost contextual defensive response, suggesting a role in the acquisition and/or expression of contextual responses. Next, using pharmacogetic inhibition, we investigated in vGlut2-cre transgenic mice the role of the AMV in the acquisition and expression of contextual defensive behavior. We have found that AMV inactivation prior to the social defeaf, but not prior to the exposure to the social defeat related context, was able to decrease contextual responses in animals tested withot the presence of the male aggressor, but not in the situation where the male aggressor was present. Overall, our results suggest that the LHAjd has a role in the expression of conditioned defense, and that the AMV is involved in the acquisision of contextual fear responses, but not in social recognition of aggressive male. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/13804-8 - Role of anterior thalamus and its cortical targets in conditioned defensive behavior to the social defeat context
Grantee:Miguel José Rangel Junior
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate