Advanced search
Start date

Methodological proposal for orientation to urban expansion under the geomorphological vision: the case of the watershade of the stream Pau D'alho, Bauru (SP)

Full text
Leonardo da Silva Thomazini
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: Rio Claro. 2018-02-09.
Institution: Universidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp). Instituto de Geociências e Ciências Exatas. Rio Claro
Defense date:
Advisor: Cenira Maria Lupinacci; Roberto Braga

From the second half of the twentieth century, Brazil's urban growth intensified, following the post-World War II trend of the United States and Europe. The spaces now occupied by urbanization are influenced by anthropic actions and are governed by morphodynamics, which are based on the human life span. Among the urban spaces, the periurban areas stand out, which constitute a complex mosaic of interactions between the rural and urban regions, developing significant transformations of the relief. The environmental impacts resulting from the interaction between physical and social systems have stimulated concerns in the scientific community, with emphasis on geomorphological studies, especially on urban geomorphology, since it demonstrates the importance of knowing the physical characteristics of relief in understanding human actions on nature and, consequently, its role in territorial planning. This work aimed to develop a systematic cartographic analysis of the physical space to guide the implementation of urbanization in a specific area with specific physical characteristics, assisting in urban-environmental planning and management. In order to reach the proposed objective, the area of Pau D'alho stream watershed was the object of study, marked as one of the axes of urban expansion of the city of Bauru (SP). Under the theoretical and methodological precepts of the General Theory of Systems, the physical characteristics of the basin were investigated through the construction of morphometric, geomorphological, physical fragility and unconsolidated materials maps, with the support of fieldwork. Moreover, the evolution of the use and occupation of the land and its consequent legal transgressions were analyzed, allowing the understanding of the influence of anthropic actions in the development of erosion processes, enabling the elaboration of vegetation cover, land use and occupation (1972 and 2016) and of environmental derivations and legal transgressions maps. In view of the data obtained, a systematic analysis of urban expansions over the relief was developed, based on the elaborated cartographic material and the urban indexes illustrated by the current federal and municipal legislation. A map of orientation to the urban expansion was elaborated through analysis, which tried to synthesize physical characteristics of the watershed with the urbanistic index and a more adequate proposal of urbanization. With this, a study area was divided into 7 physical units, divided between favorable units for urbanization, where urbanization is allowed without restrictions; units with restrictions to urbanization, where physical characteristics denote care and limit certain types of urbanization; and improper areas for urbanization, where an urbanization would bring serious impacts to the relief and, consequently, the resident population there. Thus, as the cartographic product generated through the developed methodology proved to be an important tool for the urban-environmental planning of the periurban areas, the objective is the proposition. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/07017-9 - Methodological proposal of urban expansion guidance under the geomorphological bias: the case of Bauru, SP
Grantee:Leonardo da Silva Thomazini
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate