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Effect of dysfunction acute barrier glomerular on the innate immunity of proximal tubular cells

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Author(s):
Viviane Dias Faustino
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Medicina (FM/SBD)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Clarice Kazue Fujihara; Hugo Abensur; Mirian Aparecida Boim; Luis Yu
Advisor: Clarice Kazue Fujihara
Abstract

Protein overload of proximal tubular cells can promote interstitial injury by unclear mechanisms that may involve activation of innate immunity. We investigated the hypothesis that prolonged exposure of tubular cells to high protein concentrations stimulates innate immunity, triggering progressive interstitial inflammation and renal injury. In addition, we investigated whether specific inhibition of innate or adaptive immunity would provide renoprotection in an established model of massive proteinuria, adriamycin (ADR) nephropathy. Adult male Munich-Wistar rats received a single dose of ADR (5 mg/kg iv), being followed for 2, 4 or 20 weeks. Massive albuminuria was associated with early activation of both the NF-kB and NLRP3 innate immunity pathways, whose intensity correlated strongly with the density of lymphocyte infiltration. In addition, ADR rats exhibited clear signs of renal oxidative stress. Twenty weeks after ADR administration, marked interstitial fibrosis, glomerulosclerosis and renal functional loss were observed. Administration of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF), 10 mg/Kg/day, prevented activation of both innate and adaptive immunity, as well as renal oxidative stress and renal fibrosis. Moreover, MMF treatment was associated with shifting of M0 from the M1 to the M2 phenotype. In cultivated NRK52-E cells, excess albumin increased the protein content of TLR4, NLRP3, Caspase-1, IL6, IL- 1beta, MCP-1, alpha-actin and collagen-1. Silencing of TLR4 and/or NLRP3 mRNA abrogated this proinflammatory/profibrotic behavior. Simultaneous activation of innate and adaptive immunity may be key to the development of renal injury in heavily proteinuric disease. Inhibition of innate and/or adaptive immunity may constitute a strategy to prevent CKD in this setting (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/11929-0 - Effect of glomerular barrier dysfunction on proximal tubular cell innate immunity
Grantee:Viviane Dias Faustino
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate