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Functional investigation of IGF1/IRS1 signaling pathway in acute lymphoblastic leukemia

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Author(s):
Ana Paula Nunes Rodrigues Alves
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: Ribeirão Preto.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Fabíola Traina; Fabíola Attié de Castro; Belinda Pinto Simoes
Advisor: Fabíola Traina
Abstract

Acute lymphoid leukemia (ALL) is an aggressive hematological neoplasm, characterized by clonal expansion of lymphoid progenitors and exacerbated activation of signaling pathways. The IGF1R/IRS1 signaling pathway initiated through binding of the ligand IGF1 to its transmembrane receptor IGF1R, and the subsequent activation of its substrate IRS1, which transmit mitogenic and antiapoptotic signals, mainly through the modulation of the PI3K/AKT/mTOR and MAPK signaling pathways. These signaling pathways play an important function in cell proliferation, survival and migration of leukemia cells. Therefore, the objective of our study was to investigate the participation of the IGF1R/IRS1 signaling pathway in ALL. Jurkat, MOLT-4, Namalwa and Raji cell lines were treated or not with IGF1R/IRS1-2 inhibitor, NT157, or with IGF1R/IR inhibitor, OSI-906, and evaluated for cell viability, apoptosis, proliferation, cell cycle, migration, gene and protein expression/activation. Mononuclear cells from patients with ALL and from healthy donors were submitted to the viability and apoptosis assays, after treatment with NT157 and OSI-906. The NT157 effect in vivo was evaluated using CEM cell line xenograft model in NSG mice. The study was approved by the Research Ethics Committee and the Ethics Committee on the Use of Animals of the Institution. Statistical analysis was performed by ANOVA and Student t test. Treatment with NT157 reduced viability and proliferation, induced apoptosis, and modulated the cell cycle in all cell lines tested (p<0.05). Similarly, OSI-906 reduced viability and proliferation, modulated the cell cycle, but was not able to induce apoptosis in ALL cell lines (p<0.05). Treatments with NT157 and OSI-906 significantly decreased the migration of Jurkat in fibronectin, but did not modulate the Namalwa migration. In a molecular context, the NT157 exposure resulted in inhibition of the PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway protein phosphorylation and modulated the expression of 25 genes related to the MAPK signaling pathway, including CDKN1A (p21), FOS and JUN (p<0,05). OSI-906 modulated the activation of the PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway proteins and the p21, FOS and JUN geneexpression, but in a different way from the modulation found by treatment with NT157 (p<0.05). In mononuclear cells of patients with ALL, NT157 induced a heterogeneous response in viability and induced apoptosis, and OSI-906 reduced viability, but was not able to induce apoptosis in these patients (p<0.05). Treatments with NT157 and OSI- 906 did not show cytotoxicity in healthy donor cells. Additionally, in vivo treatment with vehicle or NT157 at the dose of 50 mg/kg/day, intraperitoneally, in xenotransplantation models with CEM cells in NSG mice (n=5 for each group) showed no antineoplastic effects. In conclusion, the pharmacological inhibition of IGF1R/IRS1- 2, by NT157, and IGF1R/IR, by OSI-906, showed significant antineoplastic effects in cell line models and in primary samples of patients with ALL. The results of in vivo studies in xenotransplantation models indicate the need for pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic studies for NT157. In conclusions, our results revealed that NT157 exerts a cytotoxic effect on ALL cell lines and primary ALL cells, whereas OSI-906 has a predominantly cytostatic effect. These data indicate that the IGF1R/IRS1-2 inhibitor, NT157, obtained more attractive antineoplastic results and the direct inhibition of IRS1 may be a potential therapeutic to target in ALL. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/14844-9 - Functional Investigation of IGF1/IRS1 signaling pathway in acute lymphoblastic leukemia
Grantee:Ana Paula Nunes Rodrigues Alves
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate