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Proteomic analysis of alterations in the ubiquitin-proteasome system during epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT)

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Author(s):
Virgínia Campos Silvestrini
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: Ribeirão Preto.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto (PCARP/BC)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Marcelo Damario Gomes; Tiago Santana Balbuena; Vanderlei Rodrigues; Vanessa da Silva Silveira
Advisor: Vitor Marcel Faça
Abstract

Cancer stands out in the context of pathologies because it is one of the diseases that most affect deaths per year, being characterized as a set of multifactorial diseases that has in common the disordered growth of cells that invade tissues and organs, being able to spread to other regions of the body, giving rise to metastases. An important step in the metastatic cascade is the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), a well-orchestrated process that results in the loss of the epithelial phenotype and acquisition of the mesenchymal phenotype by the tumor cells that acquire a more invasive and migratory character, and become more resistant to drugs. During this process, numerous cellular alterations occur that modify the protein stability and/or promote its subcellular translocation, the transport of proteins to the membrane, changes in the cytoskeleton and including the sending of proteins for degradation by the proteasome. Deregulation of transcription factors and posttranslational modification of proteins are factors that can lead to EMT. After an efficient induction of EMT using the histone deacetylase inhibitor (SAHA) in MCF-7 breast adenocarcinoma cells, proteomic analyzes were performed involving inhibitors related to the ubiquitin proteasome system, MG132 and P5091. Modulation by inhibition of USP7 resulted in varying expression of various EMT biomarker proteins (SNAIL, ?-Catenina, CDK1) and cell cycle (P53 e CDK1). The proteomic study allowed the correlation of the SAHA EMT process with the posttranslational modifications pathways related to the ubiquitin proteasome system and also proposes USP7 as the target of detailed studies for EMT with potential therapeutic proposal (AU)

FAPESP's process: 17/03960-6 - Characterization of enzymes involved in post-translational modifications that modulate protein stability and translocation during the Epithelial-Mesenchymal transition
Grantee:Virgínia Campos Silvestrini
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master