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Between past and present: a study of Portuguese Literary Orientalism in the second half of the 19th century

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Author(s):
José Carvalho Vanzelli
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Aparecida de Fatima Bueno; Carla Carvalho Alves; Patrícia da Silva Cardoso; Helder Garmes
Advisor: Aparecida de Fatima Bueno
Abstract

This study aims to analyze the representations of the East in the Portuguese metropolitan literature produced in the second half of the nineteenth century. Departing from the hypothesis that these images present greater complexity and plurality than what can be seen from an overview of the period, we investigate how the East emerges in the works of three relevant writers of that period: Manuel Pinheiro Chagas (1842-1895), Camilo Castelo Branco (1825-1890) and Antero de Quental (1842-1891). Therefore, we conducted a comprehensive study of works of these authors, which encompass several textual genres. As theoretical support, we rely not only on Orientalist theories with emphasis on Edward Said\'s (1978) Orientalism , but also on studies regarding the Portuguese Orientalism, and the critical fortune of these writers. Our analysis corpus includes Pinheiro Chagas\'s non-fictional texts História Alegre de Portugal (1880), O Centenário de Luiz de Camões (1880), the historical novels A Marqueza das Índias (1890), A Joia do Vice-Rei (1890), and Naufrágio de Vicente Sodré (1892); Camilo Castelo Branco\'s novels Doze Casamentos Felizes (1861) and O Senhor do Paço de Ninães (1867), as well as the non-fictional texts Tragédias da Índia (1880) and Luiz de Camões (1880); and a selection of Antero de Quental\'s personal letters, along with the prose texts As Causas da Decadência dos Povos Peninsulares nos Últimos Três Séculos (1871) and O Japão: Estudos e Impressões de Viagem, por Pedro Gastão Mesnier (1875). Yet, we discuss, more briefly, some short stories and journalistic and diplomatic texts by Pinheiro Chagas, such as As Colónias Portuguesas no Século XIX (1890); some Castelo Branco\'s controversies with Alexandre Herculano (1850) and Oliveira Martins (1884); and Antero\'s, Sonetos Completos (1886) as well as the essay Tendências Gerais da Filosofia da Segunda Metade do Século XIX (1890). (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/08985-4 - Between Past and Present: a study of Orientalism in late 19th Century Portuguese Literature
Grantee:José Carvalho Vanzelli
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate