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Search for c-di-GMP regulation targets in Pseudomonas aeruginosa

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Author(s):
Gianlucca Gonçalves Nicastro
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Conjunto das Químicas (IQ e FCF) (CQ/DBDCQ)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Regina Lúcia Baldini; Shaker Chuck Farah; Aline Maria da Silva; Alessandra Alves de Souza; Beny Spira
Advisor: Regina Lúcia Baldini
Abstract

Following the genomic era, a large number of genes coding for enzymes predicted to synthesize and degrade 3\'-5\'-cyclic diguanylic acid (c-di-GMP) was found in most bacterial genomes and this dinucleotide emerged as an important intracellular signal molecule controlling bacterial behavior. Diverse molecular mechanisms have been described as targets for c-di-GMP, but several questions remain to be addressed. An association between high c-di-GMP levels and antibiotic resistance is largely assumed, since high c-di-GMP upregulates biofilm formation and the biofilm mode of growth leads to enhanced antibiotic resistance; however, a clear understanding of this correlation is missing. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a versatile gamma-proteobacterium that behaves as an opportunistic pathogen to a broad range of hosts. The ability of P. aeruginosa to form biofilms contributes to its virulence and adaptation to different environments. The P. aeruginosa PA14 genome presents several genes encoding proteins involved in metabolism or binding to c-di-GMP, which may indicate a wide regulatory role of this nucleotide in this bacterium. Here, using a proteomic approach, we show that Pseudomonas aeruginosa PA14 regulates the amount of five porins in response to c-di-GMP levels, irrespective of their mRNA levels. One of these porins is OprD, decreased in high c-di-GMP conditions, which is responsible for the uptake of the β-lactam antibiotic imipenem. We also demonstrate that this difference leads strains with high c-di-GMP to be more resistant to imipenem even when growing as planktonic cells, giving them a competitive advantage over cells with low c-di-GMP. Contrastingly, we found that planktonic cells with high c-di-GMP levels are more sensitive to aminoglycosides antibiotics. Together, these findings show that c-di-GMP levels can regulate the antibiotic resistance to different drugs in opposite ways and irrespective of a biofilm mode of growth. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 09/08198-9 - Search for targets of the second messenger c-diGMP in Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Grantee:Gianlucca Gonçalves Nicastro
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate