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Friction stir welding of thin plates of steel 1020 and aluminum alloy 6063-T5

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Edwar Andres Torres
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: Campinas, SP.
Institution: Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Faculdade de Engenharia Mecânica
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Antonio Jose Ramirez Londono; Sérgio Tonini Button; João Batista Fogagnolo; Sinésio Domingues Franco; Haroldo Cavalcante Pinto
Advisor: Antonio Jose Ramirez Londono

In this work dissimilar AISI SAE 1020 mild steel and aluminum alloy AA6063-T5 joints, with 2 mm thickness, were friction stir welded (FSW). The welded joints were conducted employing WC-14Co tools, with shoulder and pin diameter of 25.0 and 5.7 mm respectively, and pin length of 1.35 mm. Rotation and weld speeds of 300 RPM and 150 mm.min-1 were employed, for three tool offsets: 0.5, 1.0 and 1.5 mm. The microstructural characterization was performed through optical, scanning and transmission electron microscopy, electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (X-EDS) and x-ray diffraction (DRX). In order to correlate the welding parameters with the final microstructure of the joints, thermal history profiles were collected during welding. Consolidated welded joints were obtained for tool offsets (DT) of +1.0 and +1.5 mm, being discarded the +0.5 mm offset by to produce heterogeneous penetration along the welded joint. The joints made in this work can be considered as low-heat input. This condition prevented the formation of the so-called low hardness zone in heat affected zone (HAZ) aluminum side, and the formation of intermetallic compounds AlxFey in the aluminum-steel interface. In the stir zone evidences of the presence of two different dynamic recrystallization mechanisms were observed. In the advance side of the stir zone, the geometric dynamic recrystallization was identify as working mechanism, while in retreating side of the stir zone, the active mechanism is the so-called continuous dynamic recrystallization (AU)

FAPESP's process: 08/02832-5 - Friction Stir Welding of Steel-Aluminium Dissimilar Joints
Grantee:Edwar Andrés Torres López
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate