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Involvement of galectins in tumor angiogenesis in a murine melanoma model and association with tumor microenvironment through toll-like receptors

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Author(s):
Camila Morais Melo
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Medicina (FM/SBD)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Roger Chammas; Luciana Nogueira de Sousa Andrade; Gilles Landman; Ana Paula Lepique; Bryan Eric Strauss
Advisor: Roger Chammas
Abstract

Melanoma is the most aggressive form of skin cancer. This tumor often presents itself resistant to therapeutic approaches. The tumor-associated angiogenesis is a critical step in tumorigenesis and the result of the action of several cytokines and growth factors such as VEGF produced in the tumor microenvironment. The extracellular galectins participate in multiple biological processes including tumor angiogenesis and metastasis, their interaction with cells present in the tumor microenvironment may occur via toll-like receptors suggesting their involvement in pro-inflammatory processes and the secretion of cytokines. We have recently shown that the absence of Gal-3 the stroma and tumor parenchyma decreases angiogenesis by interfering with the macrophage response by VEGF and / or TGFbeta1. However, the involvement of extracellular galectins on angiogenesis modulation of the immune system in the tumor microenvironment is not yet clear. This study aims is to find answers to the involvement of galectins on tumor growth and angiogenesis contributing to the study of the malignant melanoma. Our results demonstrate the involvement of galectin 1 and 3 on tumor growth and its involvement in macrophage by toll-like receptors pathway, and coordinating the modulation of the polarization profile in wild-type mice bone marrow derived macrophages. Therefore, we show these galectins act as coordinators of macrophages profile change, since inhibited extracellularly promote a reduction in tumor growth in wild-type mice inoculated with murine melanoma cells and macrophages M1 maintenance of profile in vitro. Thus, we conclude that galectins 1 and 3 extracellular are important for tumor growth of murine melanomas because they promote tumor growth and are coordinators of change macrophages profile (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/17825-7 - Involvement of galectins in tumor angiogenesis in a murine melanoma model and association with toll-like receptors in tumor microenvironment
Grantee:Camila Morais Melo
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate