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The C-terminus of the murine protein S100A9 modulates the events involved in angiogenesis and tumor progression using in vitro models

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Author(s):
Natassja Foizer Moraes
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia (FMVZ/SBD)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Renata Giorgi; Vanessa Morais Freitas; Frederico Azevedo da Costa Pinto
Advisor: Renata Giorgi
Abstract

The S100A8/A9 proteins are expressed in different cell types and alone or when complexed, and at low concentrations promoted proliferation, cell migration and formation of capillary structures. On the other hand, at higher concentrations, this compound inhibits the growth of many types of murine and human tumor cells. Moreover, both human S100A9 protein and a synthetic peptide identical to the C-terminal portion of murine S100A9 (mS100A9p) present antinociceptive and immunomodulatory effects. Despite these evidences, the effect of mS100A9p on angiogenesis and tumorigenesis has not been investigated. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the in vitro effect of mS100A9p on crucial events involved in angiogenesis and tumor development. For this, in order to evaluate the effect of mS100A9p on angiogenesis was used the murine endothelial cell line derived from thymus hemangioma (tEnd.1) for proliferation assays, endothelial cell migration in the presence of culture medium (scratch wound healing and chemotaxis assays) or in conditioned medium prevenient from LLC WRC256 tumor cells (chemotaxis assays), adhesion assay (on extracellular matrix components, such as type I collagen, fibronectin and laminin) and tube like-structure formation in 3D matrix. For the analyzes of the effect of mS100A9p on tumor cells, the cell line LLC WRC256 was used to perform functional assays such as proliferation, migration (scratch wound healing model) and adhesion (on components of the extracellular matrix). The results showed that the mS100A9p inhibits the proliferation, migration and adhesion of endothelial cells to the matrix components and consequently the formation of capillary structures in 3D matrix. Regarding LLC WRC256 tumor cells, it was observed again the inhibitory action of the mS100A9p on proliferation and migration events. In relation to cellular adhesion, this peptide increased this parameter of tumor cells on type I collagen and fibronectin. However mS100A9p inhibited the adhesion of these cells on laminin. In conclusion, the data obtained show that the mS100A9p inhibits in vitro crucial events involved in angiogenesis and tumor progression. Thus, the C-terminal portion of murine S100A9 protein may be considered as a new tool for the study of tumorigenesis and angiogenesis besides presenting potential to a possible therapeutic application in these processes (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/01295-4 - Evaluation of in vitro modulatory effect of the C-terminus of protein S100A9 on the growth of the tumoral cell lineage LLC walker 256 and on the proliferation and migration of thymic endothelial cells (tEnd.1)
Grantee:Natassja Foizer Moraes
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master