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Proximal tubule NHE3 activity is inhibited by beta-arrestin-biased angiotensin II type 1 receptor signaling

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Author(s):
Carla Patrícia Amorim Carneiro de Morais
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Medicina (FM/SBD)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Adriana Castello Costa Girardi; Fernando Rodrigues de Moraes Abdulkader; Zuleica Bruno Fortes; Luiz Fernando Onuchic
Advisor: Adriana Castello Costa Girardi
Abstract

Cell surface receptors mediate most of our physiological responses to an array of stimulus. The triggering of the angiotensin II type I (AT1) receptor signaling is the major control point in the regulation of the ultimate effects of the peptide hormone angiotensin II (Ang II) on its target tissue. In the kidney physiological concentrations of Ang II upregulate the activity of proximal tubule Na+/H+ exchanger isoform 3 (NHE3). This effect is crucial for maintenance of extracellular fluid volume homeostasis and blood pressure. Recent findings have shown that selective activation of the betaarrestin-biased AT1 receptor signalingpathway induces diuresis and natriuresis independent of G-protein mediated signaling. This study tested the hypothesis that activation of this AT1 receptor/beta-arrestin signaling inhibits NHE3 activity in proximal tubule as well as investigate the underlying molecular mechanisms mediating this effect. To this end, we determined the effects of the compound TRV120023, which binds to the AT1R, blocks G protein coupling, and stimulates beta-arrestin signaling, on NHE3 function in vivo and in vitro. NHE3 activity was measured in both native proximal tubules, by stationary microperfusion, and in opossum proximal tubule (OKP) cells, by Na+-dependent intracellular pH recovery. Our results showed that 10-7 MTRV120023 remarkably inhibited proximal tubule NHE3 activity both in vivo and in vitro, and the effect was completely abolished in OKP cells silenced for beta-arrestin 1 and 2 by small interference RNA. Additionally, stimulation of NHE3 by Ang II was completely suppressed by TRV120023 both in vivo as well as in vitro. Inhibition of NHE3 activity by TRV120023 was associated with a decrease in NHE3 surface expression in OKP cells and with a redistribution from the body to the base of the microvilli in the rat proximal tubule. The decreased surface NHE3 in OKP cells was associated with an increase in NHE3 internalization via clathrin mediated endocytic. Beta-arrestin mediated NHE3 inhibition did not involve AT2 receptor, cAMP/ PKA, Akt and ERK1/2 signaling. These findings indicate that biased signaling of the AT1 receptor/beta-arrestin pathway inhibits NHE3 activity in the proximal tubule at least in part due to changes in NHE3 subcellular localization (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/03886-7 - Proximal tubule NHE3 activity is inhibited by beta-arrestin-biased angiotensin II type 1 receptor signaling
Grantee:Carla Patrícia Amorim Carneiro de Morais
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate