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Quantum transport in Spintronics: current and shot noise via nonequilibrium Green functions

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Author(s):
Souza, Fabrício Macedo de
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: São Carlos. [2004]. 166 f., gráficos, ilustrações, tabelas.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Instituto de Física de São Carlos
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Menezes, José Carlos Egues de; Anda, Enrique Victoriano; Baibich, Mario Norberto; Capelle, Klaus Werner; Leite, Luisa Maria Scolfaro
Advisor: Menezes, José Carlos Egues de
Field of knowledge: Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Physics
Indexed in: Banco de Dados Bibliográficos da USP-DEDALUS; Biblioteca Digital de Teses e Dissertações - USP
Location: Universidade de São Paulo. Biblioteca do Instituto de Física de São Carlos; IFSC-F/Te1640
Abstract

We study spin dependent quantum transport in quantum dots and quantum well devices attached to magnetic leads. We first derive general formulas, including electron-electron interaction and spin flip, for both current and noise, using the no equilibrium Green function technique (Keldysh). From our equations we regain limiting cases in the literature - in particular the Landauer-Buttiker formula when we neglect electron-electron interaction. We apply these formulas to study three distinct systems: (1) a quantum dot attached to two ferromagnetic leads, (2) a quantum dot linked to many ferromagnetic leads, and (3) a quantum well coupled to dilute magnetic semiconductor (DMS) terminals. In the first system we consider both parallel (P) and anti-parallel (AP) ferromagnetic alignments of the leads. Coulomb interaction and spin flip scattering are also taken into account. With the formulas for the current and the noise derived here, we find, for instance, that the Coulomb interaction, combined with the magnetism of the electrodes, gives rise to a spin-dependent Coulomb blockade. This effect allows the control (intensity and sign) of the current polarization via the bias voltage. We also observe that spin flip scattering yields contrasting behavior between current and shot noise. While the current in the AP configuration increases with the spin flip, the shot noise becomes suppressed for a range of spin flip rates... (AU)

FAPESP's process: 00/10650-2 - Spin-dependent quantum shot noise
Grantee:Fabricio Macedo de Souza
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate