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Detection and counting of bovine mastitis causative Staphylococcus aureus in milk samples by real-time polymerase chain reaction method

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Bruno Garcia Botaro
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia (FMVZ/SBD)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Nilson Roberti Benites; Paulo Eduardo Brandão; Hélio Langoni; Márcio Garcia Ribeiro; Luis Felipe Prada e Silva
Advisor: Nilson Roberti Benites; Marcos Veiga dos Santos

The objectives of this study were to verify the validity of the real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) to detect and quantify Staphylococcus aureus in bronopol-preserved milk samples from subclinically infected mammary quarters, and to assess the effects of the presence and amount of the pathogen on the somatic cell count (SCC), the composition of milk and milk yield of bovine mammary quarters subclinically infected by the pathogen. In order to quantify S. aureus and bovine somatic cells through qPCR, raw bovine milk was used as a means of serial inoculation media of somatic cells and S. aureus ATCC 29213. From that, equations based on the reference methods for each procedure were built, log10UFC = 37,86 23,54 log10CtSAU and log10CCS = 49,3 - 34,0 log10CtBMCB, respectively. To test their equivalence with the reference methods, determine the analytical sensitivity and specificity, and repeatability of the proposed method, milk was sampled from quarters of 60 animals from two dairy herds in Pirassununga, where subclinical S. aureus mastitis cases had been previously diagnosed. Also, quarter milk yield had been measured and samples collected for milk composition analysis, diagnosis of mastitis, sensitivity and specificity of the procedure established in the study had been determined. Each sample was subjected to composition analysis, SCC, microbiological culture, plate counting of S. aureus, DNA extraction, and subjected to qPCR reaction. Agreement between results from reference methods and qPCR for the diagnosis of mastitis by S. aureus was assessed by Kappa test. Equivalence between S. aureus, SCC scores obtained by reference and qPCR was assessed with Bland-Altman procedures. The effect of S. aureus subclinical infection on milk composition and milk yield of affected quarters was measured using a strip plot design. To estimate the degree of relationship between the counts of S. aureus, SCC, yield and composition of the milk from affected quarters was assessed by the Pearson Correlation. Correlation between SCC determined by routine methods and qPCR was r = - 0.978 (P <0.001). Correlation between S. aureus ATCC 29213 determined by routine methods and qPCR was r = - 0.989 (P <0.001). Analytical specificity of qPCR to detect S. aureus in milk samples against Escherichia coli, Enterococcus sp., Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Streptococcus agalactiae, Streptococcus dysgalactiae, Streptococcus uberis, coagulase-negative staphylococci and coagulase-positive species, Staphylococcus hyicus and Staphylococcus intermedius was 100%. The use of the qPCR to detect S. aureus ATCC 29213 in milk samples is replicable. Analytical sensitivity detection limit of the method ranged from 10 CFU/mL to 4.2 x 106 CFU/mL. S. aureus could be detected, but not quantified by qPCR in bronopol-conserved milk samples from subclinically infected quarters. In these samples, SCC could be determined by qPCR as it had been done by routine method. SCC was not dependent on S. aureus viable cells, but a negative linear correlation between the total number of cells of the pathogen and SCC was observed. S. aureus subclinical mastitis increased quarters SCC, but did not change milk composition. The disease decreased quarter milk and fat yield, but no interaction effect was observed between the gland positioning and S. aureus subclinical infection on milk production. Correlations between lactose (r = 0.42, P = 0.0051), fat (r = 0.46, P = 0.0016), fat yield (r = 0.49, P = 0.001), and 3.5% fat adjusted milk yield (r = 0.41, P = 0.006), and the number of S. aureus present in the milk sample were observed. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 08/05077-3 - Counting and identification of mastitis causing agents by the polymerase chain reaction
Grantee:Bruno Garcia Botaro
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate