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Characterization of isolates of FIV from an open shelter in Sao Paulo

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Author(s):
Bruno Marques Teixeira
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia (FMVZ/SBD)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Mitika Kuribayashi Hagiwara; João Pessoa Araujo Junior; Paulo Eduardo Brandão; Marcos Bryan Heinemann; Archivaldo Reche Junior
Advisor: Mitika Kuribayashi Hagiwara
Abstract

FIV is an important viral pathogen that infects the domestic cat and causes a slow progressive degeneration of the immune system which eventually leads to a disease comparable to acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) in humans. Similar to all retroviruses, FIV has a relatively high evolutionary rate and genomic heterogeneity. The determination of subtype and the knowledge of genetic diversity of the current strains are very important to developing a protective vaccine and for the routine diagnosis of infection. The aim of this study was to isolate and characterize samples of feline immunodeficiency virus from cats from an open shelter in Sao Paulo, Brazil. All cats infected with FIV from this shelter were sampled on August 26th, 2007 (T0) and also six (T1), ten (T2) and fifteen (T3) months after the basal sampling (T0). In each sample, blood was analyzed for the following: complete hematology, clinical chemistry and serum protein electrophoresis. Hematological and clinical chemistry parameters were analyzed to determine laboratory parameters characteristic of disease progression which allow a better description of the chronic phase of the infection. Furthermore, analyses of the variants from each sample were performed in order to estimate the degree of divergence following infection with Brazilian strains. The FIV envelope glycoprotein gene from Brazilian FIV isolates cloned were transfected to investigate the receptor usage. The sequences of all virus of the study belong to subtype B. Little sequence variation was observed in circulating viruses between the samples from each infected cat. Quasispecies of FIV have been detected in this study. The following hematological and clinical chemistry parameters were changed in the FIV-infected cats between the first blood sampling and last blood sampling: packed cell volume (PCV), hemoglobin, total white blood cells (WBC), total protein and gamma globulin fractions. Monitoring of hematological and clinical chemistry parameters may prove useful for the evaluation of disease progress. Regarding receptors, our data are consistent with isolates of the study requiring a less complex interaction with CD134 for infection to proceed compared to the virulent FIV isolates. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 07/04180-2 - Identification and characterization of isolates of feline immunodeficiency virus from an open shelter in São Paulo
Grantee:Bruno Marques Teixeira
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate