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Oral vaccines against diarrhea associated with enteropathogenic Escherichia coli strains based on genetically modified Bacillus subtilis strains

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Author(s):
Wilson Barros Luiz
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas (ICB/SDI)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Luis Carlos de Souza Ferreira; Tania Aparecida Tardelli Gomes do Amaral; Marcelo Brocchi; Beatriz Ernestina Cabilio Guth; Roxane Maria Fontes Piazza
Advisor: Luis Carlos de Souza Ferreira
Abstract

The objective of this work was the construction of genetically modified strains of B. subtilis able to express portions of intimin, the main component involved in colonization by enteropathogenic Escherichia coli strains (EPEC) as a strategy of oral vaccination against infectious diarrhea. The vaccines employed five regions of EPEC intimin and B. subtilis strains expressing recombinant proteins in the cytoplasm. Furthermore, we evaluated the use of spores and vegetative cells as vaccine vehicles for the delivery of recombinant antigens based on an epissomal expression system. The efficacy of the vaccines was demonstrated by: (i) production of systemic (IgG) and mucosal (sIgA) antibody responses to intimin, (ii) neutralizing of intimin expressed by different strains of EPEC by the antibodies generated in immunized animals, and (iii) protection to lethal challenges carried out with EPEC strains using an experimental model based in newborn mice. The results represent an important step in the validation of a new vaccine strategy for the control of enteric pathogens. Moreover, we propose the use of an animal model as a new tool to evaluate the protective potential of vaccines against EPEC. (AU)