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Characteristics of crossmodal automatic attentional effect.

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Author(s):
Luana Lira Righi
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas (ICB/SDI)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Luiz Eduardo Ribeiro do Valle; Marcus Vinicius Chrysostomo Baldo; Peter Maurice Erna Claessens; Marcelo Fernandes da Costa; Gilberto Fernando Xavier
Advisor: Luiz Eduardo Ribeiro do Valle
Abstract

The current work examined the possible contribution of signal to noise ratio, the asynchrony between the onsets of the cue and the target (SOA) and the kind of task performed by the observer to the manifestation of crossmodal attentional effects. The Experiments 1 and 2 showed that crossmodal attentional effect appears when there is visual noise, but it does not appear when there is no visual noise at 133 ms SOA. The Experiment 3 showed that when the SOA is longer than 133 ms, the crossmodal attentional effect appears when there is no visual noise. The Experiment 4 showed that in a localization task, the crossmodal attentional effect appears even in a short SOA (133 ms). Taken together, the results indicate that crossmodal attentional effects appear when there is visual noise and when there is no visual noise. However, in the later condition and when the target has to be identified, the crossmodal attentional effect takes longer to appear. (AU)