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Uses and appropriations of Clinical Risk Indicators for Child Development by Community Health Agents: an educational experience

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Author(s):
Ana Silvia de Morais
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Instituto de Psicologia (IP/SBD)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Rogerio Lerner; Maria Cristina Machado Kupfer; Rosana Fiorini Puccini
Advisor: Rogerio Lerner
Abstract

INTRODUCTION - Exploratory study about an experience of Community Health Agents (CHA) training in the use of Clinical Risk Indicators for Child Development (CRICD) in the town of Embu das Artes. CRICD is a psychoanalytic based protocol, validated and unspecific for diagnosis, composed by 31 items that indicate the occurrence of the construction of the babys subjectivity, expressed in the relation with its caregivers. It is divided in four stages of the babys development: 0 to 4 months; 4 to 8; 8 to 12; and 12 to 18. The absence of two or more indicators signalizes a tendency to developmental problems or psychic risk at the childs age of three. CRICD has resulted from a research carried out between 2000 and 2008 by a group of psychoanalysts named National Group of Research (NGR), by request of the Health Ministry. METHODS - To the realization of this research, four formative encounters were made, plus the follow-up of the use of the protocol in service throughout 2011 and beginning of 2012. The articulation of Public Health and Psychoanalysis has suggested a methodological approach with distinct boundaries. We assessed the influences of the CHAs practical training and the obstacles faced. The uses and appropriations of the CRICD were investigated, placing modes of appropriation with potential effect of permanence. Pre-test and post-test were used for content analysis. The discourses that emerged during the use of the protocol were selected and analyzed according to the qualitative perspective. RESULTS 1.The CHAs practices with babies are centered in growth assessment and in functional aspects of development. 2. The relational aspects became more evident during the training. Among the participants, 3. 72.5% have reported influences of the protocol in their practices, specially the improvement of observation and knowledge of the baby and its caregivers. 4. The CRICD was used to detection as well as to guidance for the families about contact with the baby, in the Promotion of Health perspective. 5. The items of the first group were the most recollected by the CHA. 6. Among the difficulties, we emphasize the handling of the items that refer to the theoretical axe of Alternation Presence-Absence in the relation between the child and its caregiver. 7. The particularized follow-up of the professionals allowed us to handle the psychic resistances, contributing to the permanence of the participants. 8. The favorable modes of appropriation were outlined in the situations in which there was an interface between aspects of the indicators and a particular trace of the subject. CONCLUSION- We suggest that the proposals of insertion of the CRICD in Primary Attention consider a long-term path, undertaken in one health unit per time because the resistances in institutional level have revealed themselves as a challenge. We found to be pertinent to work with a small staff with diverse educational backgrounds, composed of CHA, nursing and pediatric professionals. The most favorable proposal for its aim to be reached is the realization of regular formative encounters with a few months of space between them, during which supervision of the tasks involved is done (AU)

FAPESP's process: 10/04175-1 - Uses and appropriations of clinical risk indicators in child development by community health agents: an educational experience
Grantee:Ana Silvia de Morais
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master