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Molecular characterization of preferentially expressed genes in the yeast pathogenic phase of Paracoccidioides brasiliensis through the techniques of Macroarray and SSH (Suppression Subtraction Hybridization)

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Author(s):
Everaldo dos Reis Marques
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: Ribeirão Preto.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas de Ribeirão Preto (PCARP/BC)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Gustavo Henrique Goldman; Paulo Sergio Rodrigues Coelho; Nadia Monesi; Ana Patricia Yatsuda Natsui; Rosana Puccia
Advisor: Gustavo Henrique Goldman
Abstract

Paracoccidioides brasiliensis, a thermodimorphic fungus, is the causative agent of paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM), a prevalent systemic mycosis in Latin America. Pathogenicity appears to be intimately related to the dimorphic transition from the hyphal to the yeast form, which is induced by a shift from environmental temperature to the temperature of the mammalian host. Little information is available on the P. brasiliensis genes necessary during the pathogenic phase. We have therefore undertaken Suppression Subtraction Hybridization (SSH) and macroarray analyses with the aim of identifying genes that are preferentially expressed in the yeast phase. Genes identified by both procedures as being more highly expressed in the yeast phase are involved in basic metabolism, signal transduction, growth and morphogenesis, and sulfur metabolism. In order to test whether the observed changes in gene expression reflect the differences between the growth conditions used to obtain the two morphological forms rather than differences intrinsic to the cell types, we performed real-time RT-PCR experiments using RNA derived from both yeast cells and mycelia that had been cultured at 37 and 26°C in either complete medium (YPD or Sabouraud) or minimal medium. Twenty genes, including AGS1 ( 1,3-glucan synthase) and TSA1 (thiol-specific antioxidant), were shown to be more highly expressed in the yeast cells than in the hyphae. Although their levels of expression could be different in rich and minimal media, there was a general tendency for these genes to be more highly expressed in the yeast cells. Moreover, complementation of P. brasiliensis METR and SCONC genes in strains of Aspergillus nidulans with these genes deleted suggested a possible homology between them. We show the analyses of genes involved in the xii sulphur metabolism pathway and these genes were more expressed in the pathogenic yeast than saprophytic mycelia of P. brasiliensis. (AU)