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Fetal Exposure: determination of drugs of abuse in meconium using solid phase extraction modified and gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry

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Author(s):
Dayanne Cristiane Mozaner Bordin
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: Ribeirão Preto.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas de Ribeirão Preto
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Bruno Spinosa de Martinis; Hermes de Freitas Barbosa
Advisor: Bruno Spinosa de Martinis
Abstract

Drug abuse by pregnant women is considered a serious public health problem worldwide. Meconium is the first excretion in newborns and has been used as an alternative matrix to evaluate in utero drug exposure. Solid phase extraction (SPE) is widely employed to prepare and cleanup samples in the field of forensic analysis. Most SPE products require large volumes of solvent, which culminates in longer sample processing times; increased cost per sample and higher limits of detection. Disposable Pipette Extraction tips (DPX) have been used as an alternative to traditional SPE cartridges. They combine efficient and rapid extraction with reduced solvent consumption. The purpose of this study was to develop and validate a method to determine nicotine, cotinine, cocaine, benzoylecgonine, cocaethylene and methyl ester anhydroecgonine in meconium using DPX and GC/MS. Validation results indicated extraction efficiency, ranged between 50-98%, accuracy 92-106%, intra-assay precision 4-12% and inter-assay precision 6 to 12%. Linear calibration curves resulted in R2 values greater than 0.99; limits of detection ranged from 2.5 - 15 ng/g and the limit of quantitation from 10 - 20 ng/g. The DPX-GC/MS method provided to selectively analyze trace concentrations of drugs in meconium samples. Finally, the developed and validated method was applied to 50 meconium samples collected at the nursery of Maternidade do Complexo Aeroporto (MATER) in the city of Ribeirão Preto - São Paulo, Brazil. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/05196-5 - Fetal exposure: determination of drugs of abuse in meconium using modified solid phase extraction and gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry
Grantee:Dayanne Cristiane Mozaner Bordin
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master