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Sensitivity analysis and uncertainty in hydrosedimentological models : contribution to modeling of watershed

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Author(s):
Luiz Henrique Pereira
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: Rio Claro. 2016-12-22.
Institution: Universidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp). Instituto de Geociências e Ciências Exatas. Rio Claro
Defense date:
Advisor: Sergio dos Anjos Ferreira Pinto
Abstract

Lessening the uncertainties in the results from geospatial dynamic models, considering those that estimate the sediment production in the hillslope and the transportation of sediments over the river-channel, becomes essential when considering the current need to gather trustworthy quantitative information. In this sense, the contribution of hydro-sedimentological modeling is a significant part on the landscape planning phase, effectively composing the process of agricultural land management. The application of geospatial modeling has been widely benefited by the improvement on geotechnologies. However, it´s application has been applied indiscriminately from the procedures and methods for gathering entrance data. Differences in spatial scale of analysis, the characteristics of the geographical area of interest and the evaluation of the trustworthiness of the results are not taken into account. With these issues exposed this paper aimed to characterize the spatial variables and the uncertainties programed by the applications of the hydro-sedimentological models USLE, MUSLE e RUSLE. Indicating it´s spatial correlation with the geomorphometry characteristics of the analyzed areas it was possible to propose an objective criteria for the selection of the models based on the area´s geomorphological characteristics searching to minimize the statistical uncertainties thus offering measurements of trustworthiness in the final results. The activities were developed with the theoretical scope of environmental systems modeling and based on geoprocessing and remote sensing techniques. Results gathered show that the sensitivity of the parameters is specific to each type of watershed that was modeled, C and P factors being the most sensitives for Monjolo Grande river basin (sandy soil), and C and LS factors were the most sensitives for Jacutinga river basin (clay soil). The uncertainties are more prominent in the areas where the soil is predominantly sandy. There was a significant correlation between the level of uncertainty and the results from the models with geomorphological characteristic, especially in concave hillslope areas. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/13885-0 - Sensitivity analysis and uncertainty in hydrosedimentological models : contribution to modeling of watershed
Grantee:Luiz Henrique Pereira
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate