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Construction of meanings about the father\'s participation in the treatment of daughters diagnosed with eating disorders

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Carolina Mota Gala Saviolli
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: Ribeirão Preto.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto (PCARP/BC)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Manoel Antonio dos Santos; Benedito Medrato Dantas; Meyre Eiras de Barros Pinto
Advisor: Manoel Antonio dos Santos

The aim of this study was to understand the meaning construction process about the father\'s participation in the treatment context of eating disorders. Based on the use of a social constructionist perspective, these disorders are understood as social constructions, in the same way as the father\'s place nowadays. This aim was outlined departing from the experience at an specialized care service, the Eating Disorder Care Group (GRATA), where the greater presence of mothers in the strategies offered was observed, as well as from the dialogue with scientific literature, which appointed limited studies that focused on paternal discourse. As specific aims, we attempted to understand how current social discourse contributes to the construction of meanings about the father\'s participation, and what limits they circumscribe in terms of what actions need to be taken. Therefore, individual interviews were held with 12 fathers whose daughters were under treatment at the time of the research. In only one case the daughter had been discharged from the service. The interview script addressed themes that are considered relevant for this context but, due to the great amount of material, an excerpt was taken, prioritizing the meanings that most directly contributed to the construction of the father\'s participation in treatment. The interviews were completely and literally transcribed, constituting the analysis corpus. To undertake the analysis, the concepts proposed in the Theory of Meaning and the Theory of Discursive Practices and Production of Meanings in Daily Life. Language and positioning games were emphasized that are situated in the relation between researcher and collaborator, considering the language used as action, as a constructor of reality. Based on this relational undertaking, some relevant aspects to understand the theme could be discussed: the researcher\'s positioning as the service psychologist and how this outlined the meanings produced in the interactions; the valuation of specialized knowledge; the expanded construction of the father\'s participation beyond the activities offered in the hospital context, especially as his place to support his daughter and wife; care as paternal action. These meanings were confronted with those validated in literature in the area, and some reflections started in order to broaden the negotiation about the father\'s participation, using some constructionist conversation tools for this purpose, including the concept of relational self and the concept of relational responsibility. We hope the results can help health professionals and services that deliver care to this population to achieve a more collaborative relation with these partners, which is open to dialogue and can result in care contexts that are more inviting to them, legitimizing this knowledge. This may contribute to attribute a new meaning to their place in their daughters\' treatment. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 09/04791-7 - Meaning construction about the fathers participation in the treatment of their daughters with the diagnostic of eating disorders
Grantee:Carolina Mota Gala
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master