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Strategies of categorization in pathological and non pathological contexts: referential constructions through hyperonymy

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Janaina Olsen Rodrigues
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: Campinas, SP.
Institution: Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Instituto de Estudos da Linguagem
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Edwiges Maria Morato; Mónica Zoppi Fontana; Renato Cabral Rezende
Advisor: Edwiges Maria Morato

From a socio-cognitive approach to language, this research aims to investigate and to analyze the constructions of reference through hyperonymy formulated by individuals with aphasia, with Alzheimer's disease (in its early stages) and by individuals without any linguistic disorders from co-hyponyms presented to them. As a methodological resource, we adopt a protocol composed of eighteen sets of three co-hyponyms each. This tool has the intention to focus on and define the social cognitive and linguistic work, as well as the enunciative path used by the subjects in order to categorize. In line with this protocol, we designed a command that proposes to the participants the activity of grouping lexical items (co-hyponyms) in the same "set". This notion of grouping supports the concept of the studied semantic relationship: hyperonymy. The analysis of these strategies and also the comparison among them and those used by the control group (non-aphasic and non- Alzheimer individuals) compose the scientific investigation itself. Taking as main motivation the necessity of a better understanding of the relations among brain, language and cognition, the theoretical and methodological underpinnings of this research rest on works from three sound domains: Semantics, Textual Linguistics and Neurolinguistics. From the attempt to categorize and culminating in the development of cognitive framings, appraisals, hyperonyms with different degrees of prototypicality, holonyms, etc., participants reveal a plurality of referents, and demonstrate the role of objects of discourse as dynamic elements that are inserted, maintained, identified, building or rebuilding, in this way, the meanings in the course of textual progression (KOCH & MARCUSCHI, 1998; KOCH, 2002). Thus, by observing how individuals construct their groups and represent them, we can infer the underlying motivations in this categorization process (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/04578-1 - A study of the referential construction of hyperonymy in pathological and non pathological contexts
Grantee:Janaina Olsen Rodrigues
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master