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Effect of the substitution of potassium by sodium on trees of Eucalyptus grandis W. Hill ex Maiden, aiming the expansion of forest plantations under hydric stress

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Mariana Pires Franco
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: Piracicaba.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz (ESALA/BC)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Mario Tomazello Filho; Adriano Wagner Ballarin; Gilles Christophe Chaix
Advisor: Mario Tomazello Filho

This study aims to evaluate the replacement of potassium by sodium in diameter growth and wood quality of Eucalyptus grandis trees, planted in spacing 3x2 m and fertilized with potassium and sodium (at planting, 6 and 12th month), order to guide the mineral fertilization with potassium and sodium in forest plantation subjected to water stress. Were selected 60 eucalyptus trees at 101th month, in five classes of basal area and were evaluated the increment in trunk diameter, every 14 days, from February 2006 to September 2012, through dendrometer bands. For sampling the wood, discs were collected in six positions (base, DBH, 0, 25, 50, 75 and 100%) of the total tree height. The samples were used to evaluate the anatomical properties (fibers and vessels), physical (basic density weighted by hydrostatic balance, near infrared spectroscopy and apparent density by X rays densitometry), mechanical (strength and stiffness in static bending and strength in compression parallel to grain), chemical (lignin, holocellulose, extractives and ash contents) and radial variation of Ca, K, Mg , Na, and P (by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy) according to the fertilization treatments, classes of basal area, radial and longitudinal positions of the stem. The results show that the eucalyptus trees with potassium and sodium treatments and larger class of the basal area demonstrated higher rates of increase in stem in relation to control trees and other classes of basal area. Effect of seasonality was found in trunk diameter, with periods of maximum and minimum growth. Except the weighted density, all other properties of the wood analyzed showed significant differences due to fertilization. The determination of the density by NIR showed satisfactory results with coefficient of determination close to 0.70. Higher values of the chemical elements K and Na were found in the tree\'s wood of the respective treatments. All studied nutrients were higher in the wood in external position (100 % of the radius). The results allow to conclue that the fertilization with K and Na induced the largest increases in trunk diameter and influenced the properties of the wood. The influence of sodium and potassium fertilization demonstrated by Eucalyptus grandis in water deficit periods for the region studied is clear, once during periods of low rainfall the seasonal variation of growth presented itself differently in relation to periods with higher amounts of rainfall. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/16445-9 - Effect of the substitution of potassium by sodium on Eucalyptus grandis W. Hill ex Maiden wood, aiming to the expansion of forest plantations under hydric stress
Grantee:Mariana Pires Franco
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master