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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Classification of Vegetation over a Residual Megafan Landform in the Amazonian Lowland Based on Optical and SAR Imagery

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Cremon, Edipo Henrique [1] ; Rossetti, Dilce de Fatima [1] ; Zani, Hiran [1]
Total Authors: 3
[1] Natl Inst Space Res INPE, Remote Sensing Div DSR, BR-12227010 Sao Jose Dos Campos, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: REMOTE SENSING; v. 6, n. 11, p. 10931-10946, NOV 2014.
Web of Science Citations: 6

The origin of large areas dominated by pristine open vegetation that is in sharp contrast with surrounding dense forest within the Amazonian lowland has generally been related to past arid climates, but this is still an issue open for debate. In this paper, we characterize a large open vegetation patch over a residual megafan located in the northern Amazonia. The main goal was to investigate the relationship between this paleolandform and vegetation classes mapped based on the integration of optical and SAR data using the decision tree. Our remote sensing dataset includes PALSAR and TM/Landsat images. Five classes were identified: rainforest; flooded forest; wooded open vegetation; grassy-shrubby open vegetation; and water body. The output map resulting from the integration of PALSAR and TM/Landsat images showed an overall accuracy of 94%. Narrow, elongated and sinuous belts of forest within the open vegetation areas progressively bifurcate into others revealing paleochannels arranged into distributary pattern. Such characteristics, integrated with pre-existing geological information, led us to propose that the distribution of vegetation classes highlight a morphology attributed to a Quaternary megafan developed previous to the modern fluvial tributary system. The characterization of such megafan is important for reconstructing landscape changes associated with the evolution of the Amazon drainage basin. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 10/09484-2 - Quaternary megafans in the state of Roraima, Northern Amazonia: sedimentological, climatic and tectonic implications
Grantee:Dilce de Fátima Rossetti
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 13/50475-5 - Mapping Amazonian biodiversity at multiple scales by integrating geology and ecology
Grantee:Dilce de Fátima Rossetti
Support type: Regular Research Grants