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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Heart rate complexity in sinoaortic-denervated mice

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Author(s):
Silva, Luiz Eduardo V. [1] ; Rodrigues, Fernanda Luciano [2] ; de Oliveira, Mauro [1] ; Salgado, Helio Cesar [1] ; Fazan, Jr., Rubens [1]
Total Authors: 5
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto Med Sch, Dept Physiol, BR-14049900 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto Med Sch, Dept Pharmacol, BR-14049900 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: Experimental Physiology; v. 100, n. 2, p. 156-163, FEB 1 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 6
Abstract

New Findings What is the central question of this study? New measurements for cardiovascular complexity, such as detrended fluctuation analysis (DFA) and multiscale entropy (MSE), have been shown to predict cardiovascular outcomes. Given that cardiovascular diseases are accompanied by autonomic imbalance and decreased baroreflex sensitivity, the central question is: do baroreceptors contribute to cardiovascular complexity? What is the main finding and its importance? Sinoaortic denervation altered both DFA scaling exponents and MSE, indicating that both short- and long-term mechanisms of complexity are altered in sinoaortic denervated mice, resulting in a loss of physiological complexity. These results suggest that the baroreflex is a key element in the complex structures involved in heart rate variability regulation. Recently, heart rate (HR) oscillations have been recognized as complex behaviours derived from non-linear processes. Physiological complexity theory is based on the idea that healthy systems present high complexity, i.e. non-linear, fractal variability at multiple scales, with long-range correlations. The loss of complexity in heart rate variability (HRV) has been shown to predict adverse cardiovascular outcomes. Based on the idea that most cardiovascular diseases are accompanied by autonomic imbalance and a decrease in baroreflex sensitivity, we hypothesize that the baroreflex plays an important role in complex cardiovascular behaviour. Mice that had been subjected to sinoaortic denervation (SAD) were implanted with catheters in the femoral artery and jugular vein 5 days prior to the experiment. After recording the baseline arterial pressure (AP), pulse interval time series were generated from the intervals between consecutive values of diastolic pressure. The complexity of the HRV was determined using detrended fluctuation analysis and multiscale entropy. The detrended fluctuation analysis (1) scaling exponent (a short-term index) was remarkably decreased in the SAD mice (0.79 +/- 0.06 versus 1.13 +/- 0.04 for the control mice), whereas SAD slightly increased the (2) scaling exponent (a long-term index; 1.12 +/- 0.03 versus 1.04 +/- 0.02 for control mice). In the SAD mice, the total multiscale entropy was decreased (13.2 +/- 1.3) compared with the control mice (18.9 +/- 1.4). In conclusion, fractal and regularity structures of HRV are altered in SAD mice, affecting both short- and long-term mechanisms of complexity, suggesting that the baroreceptors play a considerable role in the complex structure of HRV. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/03926-9 - Carotid chemoreceptors and sympathetic overactivity after myocardial infarction
Grantee:Rubens Fazan Junior
Support type: Regular Research Grants