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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Monthly and inter-annual variations of Opechona sp (Digenea: Lepocreadiidae) parasitizing scyphomedusae off southern Brazil

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Author(s):
Nogueira Junior, Miodeli [1] ; Diaz Briz, Luciana Mabel [2] ; Haddad, Maria Angelica [3]
Total Authors: 3
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Fed Paraiba, Dept Sistemat & Ecol, BR-58051900 Joao Pessoa, Paraiba - Brazil
[2] Univ Nacl Mar del Plata, Estn Costera Nagera, Fac Ciencias Exactas & Nat, RA-7600 Mar Del Plata - Argentina
[3] Univ Fed Parana, Programa Posgrad Zool, Dept Zool, Ctr Politecn, BR-81531990 Curitiba, Parana - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: Marine Biology; v. 162, n. 2, p. 391-400, FEB 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 4
Abstract

Monthly and inter-annual variations of prevalence (P) and intensity of infection (I) of Opechona sp. metacercariae were analyzed in the two most common scyphomedusae from south Brazil (similar to 25.5A degrees S, 48.4A degrees W), between November 1997 and December 2004. Chrysaora lactea was highly parasitized (n = 817; P a parts per thousand 41 %; I = 1-35), while Lychnorhiza lucerna hosted few metacercariae (n = 968; P a parts per thousand 3 %; I = 1-3). Prevalence remained around 40 % in all size classes of C. lactea, and I positively correlated with its BD (bell diameter; Pearson, r = 0.34, p < 0.01); only those a parts per thousand yen5 cm had a parasite load a parts per thousand yen25. Prevalence was lower (< 0.5 %) in small (< 5 cm) L. lucerna and higher (13 %) in those with BD > 20 cm. Overall annual P and I remained in similar levels among different years for both scyphomedusae, although peaking not exactly in the same month every year. Chrysaora lactea was parasitized throughout the year, but between July and December P reached the highest values (> 40 % and up to 78 %). Lychnorhiza lucernaA ` s P was typically higher between July and November and lower or absent in the other months. Seasonality of the infection apparently was related to host availability and population dynamics; whenever the host was more abundant and/or larger, the infections tended to be higher. The high P and I in C. lactea indicate this medusa is a regular secondary host of Opechona sp., thus an important vector of this parasite to the final fish hosts. This relationship indirectly suggests feeding interactions between medusae and fish. A thorough literature review of metacercariae parasitizing scyphomedusae indicates that Semaeostomeae are the most studied (21 out of 28 records) and lepocreadiids the most common parasites. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/09880-8 - Long-term flutuations (1963-2003) on the structure and abundance of gelatinous zooplankton (Cnidaria and Thaliacea) on South Brazilian Bight
Grantee:Miodeli Nogueira Junior
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate