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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Impact of the Alkali Cation on the Oscillatory Electro-Oxidation of Ethylene Glycol on Platinum

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Sitta, Elton [1, 2] ; Nagao, Raphael [3] ; Kiss, Istvan Z. [3] ; Varela, Hamilton [1]
Total Authors: 4
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Chem Sao Carlos, BR-13560970 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Chem, BR-13565905 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] St Louis Univ, Dept Chem, St Louis, MO 63103 - USA
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of Physical Chemistry C; v. 119, n. 3, p. 1464-1472, JAN 22 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 10

We report the effect of alkali cation (Li+, Na+, and K+) on the oscillatory electro-oxidation of ethylene glycol in alkaline media. As experimentally verified, the nature of the alkali cation strongly impacts the waveform and frequency of the potential oscillations. The oscillation frequencies decrease in the order KOH > NaOH > LiOH, which also corresponds to the ascending order of the surface blockage due to the noncovalent interactions. On the other hand, the estimated rate constant of poison formation, k(p), under oscillatory regime is higher in the presence of KOH rather than NaOH, both acting as the supporting electrolytes. In order to shed light on the relationships between the kinetic and dynamical features, we performed numerical simulations based on a generic model which includes the time evolution of cation coverage. Overall, we were able to reproduce the major features observed experimentally; k(p) was assigned to the electrochemical steps of C-C bond breaking instead of direct noncovalent interactions between the hydrated alkali cation and surface oxides. Finally, the results are rationalized in terms of the cation influence on the feedback loops and of the underlying surface chemistry. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/24152-1 - Complex kinetics in electrochemical systems: mechanisms, stoichiometric network analysis and numerical simulations
Grantee:Hamilton Brandão Varela de Albuquerque
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research
FAPESP's process: 09/07629-6 - Electrocatalysis IV: fundamental and applied aspects of electrocatalytic processes, bio-electrocatalysis and kinetic instabilities
Grantee:Edson Antonio Ticianelli
Support type: Program for Research on Bioenergy (BIOEN) - Thematic Grants