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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

A relationship between structural and electronic order-disorder effects and optical properties in crystalline TiO2 nanomaterials

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Author(s):
Silva Junior, E. [1] ; La Porta, F. A. [1] ; Liu, M. S. [2] ; Andres, J. [3] ; Varela, J. A. [1] ; Longo, E. [1]
Total Authors: 6
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista, Inst Quim, LIEC, BR-14801907 Araraquara, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Fis Sao Carlos, BR-13560970 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Jaume 1, Dept Phys & Analyt Chem, Castellon de La Plana 12071 - Spain
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: DALTON TRANSACTIONS; v. 44, n. 7, p. 3159-3175, 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 42
Abstract

The focus of this paper is on the analysis of the structural and electronic order-disorder effects at long, medium and short ranges of titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles synthesized by the sol-gel process followed by the microwave-assisted solvothermal (MAS) method at low temperatures and short reaction times. X-ray diffraction (XRD), Rietveld refinement, micro-Raman (MR) spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) were used to characterize the TiO2 nanoparticles. Optical properties were investigated by ultraviolet-visible (UV-vis) and photoluminescence (PL) measurements performed at room temperature. XRD and Rietveld refinement confirmed the presence of the anatase and brookite phases; nonetheless anatase is the major phase. The X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis revealed the presence of only Ti4+ but the nonstoichiometry revealed that TiO2 NPs contain defects assigned to oxygen vacancies that lead to structural and electronic order-disorder effects observed by band gap narrowing and PL wide band emission. These intermediary energy levels (shallow and deep levels) created within the band gap act as acceptors/ donors of electrons and recombination centers. The oxygen vacancies (VOx, VO center dot and VO center dot center dot) responsible by degree of structural order-disorder are related to distortions (tilts) on the {[}TiO6] octahedron and changes in the bond lengths and bond angles between oxygen and titanium atoms that gave rise to new species of cluster makers such as {[}TiO6]', {[}TiO5 center dot V-O(x)], {[}TiO5 center dot VO center dot] and {[}TiO5 center dot VO center dot center dot]. This structural transformation is consistent with a redistribution of electron density from highly ordered {[}TiO6](x) clusters which form distorted {[}TiO6]' as well as complex {[}TiO5 center dot V-O(x)], {[}TiO5 center dot VO center dot] and {[}TiO5 center dot VO center dot center dot] clusters assigned to oxygen vacancies which were understood as displacements in the oxygen atoms' position in the bond lengths (Ti-O). (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/07296-2 - CDMF - Center for the Development of Functional Materials
Grantee:Elson Longo da Silva
Support type: Research Grants - Research, Innovation and Dissemination Centers - RIDC