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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Elucidating the real-time Ag nanoparticle growth on alpha-Ag2WO4 during electron beam irradiation: experimental evidence and theoretical insights

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Author(s):
Pereira, Wyllamanney da Silva [1] ; Andres, Juan [2] ; Gracia, Lourdes [2] ; San-Miguel, Miguel A. [3] ; da Silva, Edison Z. [4] ; Longo, Elson [5] ; Longo, Valeria M. [6]
Total Authors: 7
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, INCTMN UFSCar, BR-13565905 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Jaume I UJI, Dept Quim Fis & Analit, Castellon de La Plana 12071 - Spain
[3] Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Inst Chem, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Campinas Unicamp, Inst Phys Gleb Wataghin, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[5] Univ Estadual Paulista, INCTMN UNESP, BR-14801907 Araraquara, SP - Brazil
[6] Univ Sao Paulo, INCTMN USP, Inst Fis Sao Carlos, BR-13560970 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 6
Document type: Journal article
Source: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics; v. 17, n. 7, p. 5352-5359, 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 31
Abstract

Why and how Ag is formed when electron beam irradiation takes place on alpha-Ag2WO4 in a vacuum transmission electron microscopy chamber? To find an answer, the atomic-scale mechanisms underlying the formation and growth of Ag on alpha-Ag2WO4 have been investigated by detailed in situ transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) studies, density functional theory based calculations and ab initio molecular dynamics simulations. The growth process at different times, chemical composition, size distribution and element distribution were analyzed in depth at the nanoscale level using FE-SEM, operated at different voltages (5, 10, 15, and 20 kV), and TEM with energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) characterization. The size of Ag nanoparticles covers a wide range of values. Most of the Ag particles are in the 20-40 nm range. The nucleation and formation of Ag on alpha-Ag2WO4 is a result of structural and electronic changes in the AgOx (x = 2,4, 6, and 7) clusters used as constituent building blocks of this material, consistent with metallic Ag formation. First principle calculations point out that Ag-3 and Ag-4-fold coordinated centers, located in the sub-surface of the (100) surface, are the most energetically favorable to undergo the diffusion process to form metallic Ag. Ab initio molecular dynamics simulations and the nudged elastic band (NEB) method were used to investigate the minimum energy pathways of these Ag atoms from positions in the first slab layer to outward sites on the (100) surface of alpha-Ag2WO4. The results point out that the injection of electrons decreases the activation barrier for this diffusion step and this unusual behavior results from the presence of a lower energy barrier process. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 10/16970-0 - Computational modeling of condensed matter: a multiscale approach
Grantee:Alex Antonelli
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 13/02032-7 - Theoretical study of nanostructures and complex materials
Grantee:Edison Zacarias da Silva
Support type: Research Grants - Visiting Researcher Grant - International
FAPESP's process: 13/07296-2 - CDMF - Center for the Development of Functional Materials
Grantee:Elson Longo da Silva
Support type: Research Grants - Research, Innovation and Dissemination Centers - RIDC
FAPESP's process: 12/14468-1 - Development and theoretical-experimental interpretation of BaZrO3@ZnS system
Grantee:Mateus Meneghetti Ferrer
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate