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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Nanoelectrocatalytic Oxidation of Lactic Acid Using Nickel Nanoparticles

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Author(s):
Sedenho, Graziela C. [1, 2] ; Lee, Patricia T. [2] ; Toh, Her Shuang [2] ; Salter, Chris [3] ; Johnston, Colin [3] ; Stradiotto, Nelson R. [1] ; Compton, Richard G. [2]
Total Authors: 7
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista UNESP, Inst Chem, Dept Analyt Chem, BR-14800060 Araraquara, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Oxford, Dept Chem, Phys & Theoret Chem Lab, Oxford OX1 3QZ - England
[3] Univ Oxford, Dept Mat, Oxford OX5 1PF - England
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of Physical Chemistry C; v. 119, n. 12, p. 6896-6905, MAR 26 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 7
Abstract

We report the electrocatalytic effect of oxidized nickel nanoparticles on lactic acid oxidation in alkaline solution. A boron-doped diamond electrode was modified with nickel nanoparticles by electrodeposition. Various electrodeposition charges were used to deposit nanoparticles of different sizes onto the electrode. Afterward, the nickel nanoparticle modified boron-doped diamond electrodes were initially oxidized in NaOH solution to form beta-Ni(OH)(2) on the surface. Further oxidation forms the Ni(2+/3+) redox couple, beta-Ni(OH)(2)/beta-NiOOH, which catalyzes lactic acid oxidation. Studies in the absence and in the presence of lactic acid were performed and compared to the behavior of the Ni(2+/3+) redox couple on a bulk nickel electrode. The anodic peak was greater than the cathodic peak current in both situations and attributed to the catalytic effect of NiOOH on the oxidation of lactic acid. The ratio between the anodic and cathodic peaks was normalized to the amount of the Ni((2+/3+)) couple on the electrode, and it was found that for suitably small nickel nanoparticles (diameter = 31.8 +/- 7.0 nm) authentic catalytic behavior was seen when compared to a bulk nickel electrode. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/10391-0 - Study of influence of substituents in carboxylic acid structure in the electrochemical oxidation of these compounds in nickel and platinum nanoparticles modified boron-doped diamond electrodes
Grantee:Graziela Cristina Sedenho
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Master's degree