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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Genetic diversity of Plasmodium vivax over time and space: a community-based study in rural Amazonia

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Batista, Camilla L. [1] ; Barbosa, Susana [1] ; Bastos, Melissa Da Silva [1] ; Viana, Susana Ariane S. [1] ; Ferreira, Marcelo U. [1]
Total Authors: 5
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biomed Sci, Dept Parasitol, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: Parasitology; v. 142, n. 2, p. 374-384, FEB 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 13

To examine how community-level genetic diversity of the malaria parasite Plasmodium vivax varies across time and space, we investigated the dynamics of parasite polymorphisms during the early phases of occupation of a frontier settlement in the Amazon Basin of Brazil. Microsatellite characterization of 84 isolates of P. vivax sampled over 3 years revealed a moderate-to-high genetic diversity (mean expected heterozygosity, 0.699), with a large proportion (78.5%) of multiple-clone infections (MCI), but also a strong multilocus linkage disequilibrium (LD) consistent with rare outcrossing. Little temporal and no spatial clustering was observed in the distribution of parasite haplotypes. A single microsatellite haplotype was shared by 3 parasites collected during an outbreak; all other 81 haplotypes were recovered only once. The lowest parasite diversity, with the smallest proportion of MCI and the strongest LD, was observed at the time of the outbreak, providing a clear example of epidemic population structure in a human pathogen. Population genetic parameters returned to pre-outbreak values during last 2 years of study, despite the concomitant decline in malaria incidence. We suggest that parasite genotyping can be useful for tracking the spread of new parasite strains associated with outbreaks in areas approaching malaria elimination. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/23770-6 - Optimising malaria case detection in a low transmission setting in rural Brazilian Amazon
Grantee:Susana Do Carmo Pinto Barbosa
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 10/50333-8 - Population dynamics of Plasmodium vivax polymorphisms in rural Brazilian Amazonia
Grantee:Marcelo Urbano Ferreira
Support type: Regular Research Grants